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÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避?/font>(Cooperative Learning)

÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避侲餌飽疰供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋僩涷廕閫樑歖譏繒迋﹤餌飽臢餑鉣蝖? 岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙謠掑購畛疰嗤窗菔狶×嘗捸疰慞﹤酷涷繒匹畛夭毯呦? 轅÷礙駍轉侜谹妏挹妏媢庠閫×嫗瓚×?慞釓掑謄挹樊揪芮鏡×僩桄扼嘟駍僱? 慞倇駍嘔 鉧郯俁呯ˍ嵙鍵湧識漱購豻醮巡畛鉬橏佹畟煬銵蚎僑

竻木酵苤芮弝天迫竻÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避?
竻木酵苤芮煬駔茪悜卄均疰鈱梒嘔湇廕疑駍謠谹 棋完淶
1.匹畛遄涷藉a竻庍謙揤賄×嫘僩狶瘉?(Positive Interdependence) 佹畟勣? ÷繩涷岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙褶荍珗苂骳岐淀駁皊轄藏駍薄揤 轅÷繩荍珗鏡×? 漺繚涷岏猁唌煥﹞嘗梛駍嘔駍錨飽疰照忌凳桄?轅÷轔箄宏揤妠?阹說籀? a芩棸菔狶?蓍÷繩荍珗 煥﹞嘗梣滓珝 佴橏煬魨瓚酵倇漱購豻醮並駍薄揤 岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙薇釓掑謄湇忒﹊骳給酵倇漱購豻醮其湧∠菔侲避駖岏猁唌煥﹞嫘飽臢餑酵倇漱購豻醮迄橶? 岏猁唌煥﹞麂凈湧識獐驍譜熆疚?佸谹證序捇敷忌飽臢餑漺轉瑁砫煬臏×?鄋頩 園疺轄肴◎堙允芾×?照蒶憿臢餑銧擗凊凳 90% 慞橶 岏猁唌廘餕苳麂凈湧壬廜嗾婄鉧婰趨捸 5 壬廜?鉬蝜證序捇 鉬蝜菟?
2.÷藪梬耽庍謙揤賄煬駔閫鉌譎虧紬均揤慞苤揤 (Face To Face Promotive Interaction) 鉬蝜÷繭埭菔虮捘憾兢魽揤 慞﹤酷涷繒匹畛夭毯呦鼠紬均揤慞苤揤 ÷襖詳碳瞻謄湇蒶殧∟鉧郯芧蓍ˍ嵙講悝 鉬蝜竊﹎創弝天迫竻÷繭埭菔芼耽庍謙揤賄漺繕癟卄均疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避?棋完桄? 併坐轅÷轔禳鉬纓餔?蒶憸樿還鷓樿飽竊?鉬埭獌÷忻呯岏猁唌鉌嗶廜薑埭蒶錘? 鉧郯侲纔矷蓍彸閫煬魰佹眓岏煬駔奡
3.匹畛識獐埭肺滯竻岏猁唌廘餕郕堣勿 (Individual Accountability) 匹畛識獐埭肺滯竻岏猁唌廘餕郕堣勿 鉬蝜匹畛識獐埭肺箝飽疰鈱梒嘔湇卄廷轄肴﹥菔瓚種中? 漺臏捸疰芾鉖纔虮閫鉌譎虧紬均揤慞苤揤 鉧郯俁呯遄埭匹畛弝鈱蝔菸醜駁皊轄癒臢餑 漺繚涷岏猁唌煥﹞嫘飽臢餑轅匹畛蹊頩膍 慞郋鏑芩煬閮凈湧識滿疰毀庋箋餌嘔畟種中?
4.÷辭芷煤﹎陏倓狶種中鑤瓚煤﹎苤疰照忌飽臢餑鎔苂 (Interdependence and Small Group Skills) 煤﹎陏倓狶種中? 慞郱恁奾÷繩荍珗ˍ嵙謝駖?塾﹤譏繒匹邊湧識滿疰誰■僩恁奾鉖髓珗淶鉌梒∟芧 鉧證冓餌僩恁奾弝天風涷佬芾蒶憿疰照忌飽臢餑酵倇獐戀豻醮? 塾﹤譏繒匹邊湧識滿疰誰◎恁奾蓍÷蟾郯虮疰 ÷蹴餌匱湇墓 ÷邊扼釆湇邰頩 ÷繭挬彸嫘?÷?寣暺悜刳 勻暀供棵募飽疰喬煬閮倇閫鉌譎錨呯塾﹤譏繒 鉧郯俁呯塾﹤譏繒弅轄繹照忌嫣湧苂骳岐梬譜彸溢埬瓴
蓍閣 ?/span>.?/span>. 1991 侍咘嘟揤 慞?侍咘嘟揤 銧歖戰餑竻木酵苤芮÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避?H暽邯?1 竻木酵苤芮 銧殧∟
5. ̄郕÷獺臢餑 (Group Process) 鉬蝜 ̄郕÷繩荍珗煬餑掅桄僱芧佸谹試÷繩涷佬芾蒶憿疰植鉆埳忌飽臢餑鉬蝜隞苂骳岐梬譜彸溢埬瓴 塾頩尤?岏猁唌煥﹞僱樿孚茪醜a砳具嫩駁皊轄癒疰照忌?扭撕趙埏捄唭珗鏡×? 植鉆埳忌僱畛廒僱攪捶劂譜鉡埳敷慞郅識獄贈壯珗
竻木酵苤芮卄均疰鈱梒嘔湇廕疑駍謠谹煤擏 5 竻木酵苤芮塹?菔狶轅匹畛庍謙揤賄庠閫×嫗瓚×? 蓍迕僩涷佬芾蒶憿疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避芫豻墊嫣輕橶織? 慞郕藤臢菸醜駁皊轄繚涷ˍ嵙薄蚎僑 漺轉忠眓煤﹎郱狶庍坐?煤﹎苤疰照忌飽臢餑鎔苂 慞苤譜瘉飽疰ˍ嵙虧紬夾豻餌僩涷佬菟竻銧橨挹÷羸痋蝴 煤擏塹歖擋駖蒶樨轄肴﹛臢餑遄埭匹畛贊? 匹畛遉橏膍慞倇畛疰飪虓恁奾鉖髓珗淶隞膋殫呯遄埭酵凄穠寢銧樿鎔狶鉞衚煬?

例﹠坐儢譜﹠監茪悜卄均疰鈱梒嘔湇廕疑駍謠谹 (Cooperative Learning) 庠閫銧殧∟ 匹畛遄涷藉a竻庍謙揤賄×嫘僩狶瘉? ÷羶耽庍謙揤賄煬駔閫鉌譎薄揤慞苤揤 匹畛識獐埭肺滯竻岏猁唌廘餕郕堣勿 ÷辭芷煤﹎陏倓狶種中?÷繩荍珗ˍ嵙謝駖?慞苤譜瘉飽疰ˍ嵙? 竻木酵苤芮鉖髓珗淶照蒶憿疰鈱梒嘔湇廕疑駍謠谹廘△骳彤矷隞例﹛疰鈱梒嘔湇鉬蝜ˍ嵙鍍犖棋擏鉥埡 (Traditional Learning) ˍ骳谹 ÷蹴譏繒鉬蝜ˍ嵙鍍犖棋擏鉥埡塾暽 鉬蝜鉧梒均疰廕閫ˍ嵙薄疰鈱梒? 鉧郯俁呯塾﹤譏繒趙埏捄唭珗鏡×?廕閫忌飽揤照 岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙蟋骳孚荍珗鉧郯俁呯忌嘟豻醮?鉆暽煬頛襲珗轄﹛牷譜瘉飽疰蓍÷繩荍珗 棋完桄嘟轄肴◇狶允迗阪掑謄挹樊揪芮蓍給閟廷晪 廘駔轄肴◇狶允迗其錘轅匹畛識獐埭肺?卄鉧梒岐晡郯俁飽臢餑 轅敷忌嗶矷轄鉧郯虮閫勻殙瑁珗桄? 庠閫菔狶例﹛疰鈱梒嫩餌飽臢餑廕疑駍謠谹煬駔轄肴﹥菔瓚允菟竻轅匹畛識獐埭肺熒桄孝駖給閟扭瓚菔侲擋駖嘟轄肴~飽臢餑湧

贊頗犖÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避?
贊頗犖÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避?煬魬芷×嫘劂悃佩碧? 轅侜畟贊頗犖 萃鎔狶鄋頩
1.贊頗犖 Jigsaw 鉬蝜÷蟾芧煬駖疿捔廜埭÷繭駖檠?樑歖妏虰堋捸疰塹擗嫗獺 尤?Aronson et.al (1978 ,pp. 22-25) 菔芩畛捸疰酵挹慞冓戰餑鉞埡C暽腴嫘呯轄﹜紩?廘駍堋捸疰侜恁 覲坐抉椒? ÷蟾芧廕犒淶塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳麂凈湧﹎砫擅禮抌佴紬弄譙豖捚a苂駖瞽竻鉆郪豖珝桄弄蟈 漺癒疰﹎砫譙駖完桄寞 例﹤矷弅襠譙矷唻 ̄藪煬銴贊供氬呯 蓍腴僩涷﹎皊捚a苂駖繒桄? 塾﹤譏繒佬照忌嫩餌飽臢餑×箋擋駖僩涷銧橨挹趨瞄轄邃呯﹎皊捚a苂駖轉椎藉×? 慞冓腕梒謙鏑芩煬閮苤竊箔銓詳碳薦譙虮芧鉧郯芧岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙謙郪僭珗卄孝嫩竻
Jigsaw 轅竻木酵苤芮煬駔茪悜 3 抌 尤?
1)÷蹴腕梒購郯矷疰鈱梒飽疰庋?(Preparation Of Materials) 勻椋鏑狶蒪忌嫘呯樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苳飾竻ˍ嵙? 慞倇鏑狶廕熒棵芮鎔苂蓍廘餕倓寡÷蹴譏繒 廘頞橏轅佴悝忑侲譏繒苂湆慞橶謹閫照蒶擏骳瞽紩嫣湧 漺轍箄抉塽樿刳蓍廘餕倓捚a侲譙駖孚涷佬庋嫩擋駖照蒪忌嘟蚎識獐湇鄋涷藉肫? 蓍蒪忌馱睿﹊骳塾﹤譏繒菟竻照迖鞀 鄋頩 蒶樿骳嘈塾廷谹佴橏迖鞀 侳珗刲樿迖鞀 例﹌塾廷谹佴橏頖僎盓佴橏頖?佸谹蒶暾棽埭梫捑寢 佸谹蒶橝岐谹趙埏捄唌疰毀攪? 壅樿薄挹轅太募錨呯腴熊芧琿畟卄均唻 ̄藪煬頝荋橶?
2) ÷癡挬岏猁唌卄均臢餑慞苠竻ˍ嵙謎湇鄋涷藉肫?(Teams And Expert Groups) 勻晲凊箄完恁鈱梒嗶矷鉬蝜ˍ嵙鍥 (Home Groups) 廘餕苤臢餑佬轅樑歖肪餔珥蓍廘餕冓譙駖孝畛蒪忌僩涷勻椋鏑狶H暽 勻殕芋蒪忌嫘呯樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑 慞凅呯樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苳嗷痋奿蒪忌飾竻給∟芧煬閮凊癒隞菸薄臢餑卄尬湇鄋涷藉肫? (Expert Groups) 鉧郯芛荍珗菸錨漣珗塾暽? 鉡郯芧恁鈱梒嗾鏑芩煬閮郱荂唻 ̄藪 勻殕癒ˍ嵙褸恁鈱梒嫘佹韏畛蒪忌? √芋藤錨飽臢餑樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苤臢餑迗兕窗菔狶×? 勻椈觴觴薄譜華暽蒶暽恁鈱梒嗷痋奿刲樿菸錨漣珗煬魨窗菔狶×? 棋完桄嫘漣珗煬銴贊岋橏坎紩麂盓轅匹畛弝天俯牷 鉧證凅嫘漣珗佬墓鉌嗶湧√芋藤褶涷廘△骳均揤 庠閫樑歖肪餔珥蓍廘餕苤臢餑迗豕陓岐谹趙埏捄唌疰毀攪庇痋奿遄涷藉×監婰孚涷銧橨挹趨瞄轄? 壅樿薄挹鉞譏臏÷羅豻妏虮婰完桄嗶鎔狶庍暽? 鉧郯虰骳遉狳凈湧墓ˍ挹隞庋嘟轄肴﹞嗶郯寞 蓍ˍ嵙褶涷靾鳼湧﹎砳嘈捚a芫悝ˍ骳?
3) ÷藤畟忌嫗瓚÷繩棵芮鎔苂 (Reports And Quizzes) 鉡郯矷臢餑樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苤臢餑照忌嫩岋蝔慞橶 樑歖肪餔珥廘餕苳飽蝔苤竊箔鄞悝ˍ嵙醜椒蕾竻萃竻 (Home Group) 慞橶庋嫩譙駖孚涷萃竻照蒶憿挹岏猁唌允邰頩?蓍ˍ嵙? 勻晼譜華暽蒶暽恁鈱梒嫘芷試÷繭骳扳 蓍÷羅豻妏虮婰孚涷佬庋? 塾﹤譏繒迗具芷試÷蟾珚埽 侳珗證禮珗 膋擗芩戰腴鏈 贊辣骳?銧迖寣藪 廒嘛椑堍譙芡瓴氬飽疰墓鉌嗶匹畛夭毯呦? 勻晼譜華暽蒶樨轄肴~飽臢餑銧橧捸疰芡堇證轍瓚巷▲畛銑倒珛骳扳 漺繚涷岏猁唌廘餕苳僱樿岐掑謄挹樊揪芮蓍÷蹴譏繒贊殧菔瓚鈱郯竻煬頛湇鄋涷藉肫凍菔瓚允墓鉌嗶

鉡郯芞湇鄋涷藉肫凋湧證禮珗敷忌飽挹ˍ嵙蕾竻萃竻慞橶 匹藪捸疰芡堇證藏駍薄揤煤擏呯竻鈱梒嗶捸勻桄弄墅閫 佸谹轅÷繹畛太募鍍瓚腴漱荈畛蓍刲樿鈱郯竻煬頛湇鄋涷藉肫凍菔瓚允銧橛痋奿 侜悝例★桄馱贊∠照÷繩棵芮鎔苂 遄陰魽疰酵冓轂飽疰蒶擗凊凳鉖避芧×瘉堋捸疰卄? ÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹卄岔棡廕?STAD
試÷璽竻 Jigsaw 佬椎﹊骳 STAD 腕孚涷? 鉬蝜÷羸痋蒶暽恁鈱梒嫗菔瓚允轅匹畛識獐埭肺箝飽疰鈱梒嘗牷H暽 慞邿恁鈱梒嗽悝識獐埭肺滿挹÷蟾芧岏猁唌允邰頩?卄均臢餑邯●橶? 塾﹤譏繒靾駍骳佬轅匹畛弅轄繹轄★樿轍方頖麂迮樿岔挹樊揪芮鉖避芧?×? 勣扭鍾狺豁痋匹畛﹊橏弄譙秅堻檠麩竻證禮珗佬廘△骳均揤∠菸?
C暽腴飽疰庋嫗犖 Jigsaw 轅棋完淶
C暽煬?1 勻殕箄弄捚a芛涷佬鈱梒嫩餌嘈捚a苂駖轉瑁狳蚢岏猁唌卄扭菔瓚ˍ嵙?園牷臢餑Ⅰ珒 3 允 蒶殧箄抉塽樿刳迋﹤餌?3 抌
C暽煬?2 供插臢餑塾﹤譏繒蒶橧梛轄肴◎涷轅匹畛弅轄繹勿苤揤 鉬蝜ˍ嵙謙郪僭珗佸谹 Home Groups 來嘎嘟轄肴~飽臢餑迗兒餌?3 佸谹 4 允∠銧? 例★桄嫗芋閟﹋疰佸谹阹說籀魽疰庋嫘呯ˍ嵙豁?1 臾? 佸谹蒶擗嘉衁奡∠銧?±佴氬呯岏猁唌廘餕苳嘔挹樊揪芮侳珗閟﹋疰鉧梒?1 抌煬鳼湧識瑭芮佹畟鈮骳塾暽 刳﹥菔瓚ˍ嵙鍵湧識箋矷弅蹴擅禮臾毯椎藉 蒶暽恁鈱梒嫗癒閟﹋疰迋﹤餌嘟駍寞 菸賸捚a苂駖?棋完淶 蓍廘餕苤臢餑
塾﹤譏繒允煬?1 佬侳珗鄔懊倓捚a苂駖繚涷 1
塾﹤譏繒允煬?2 佬侳珗鄔懊倓捚a苂駖繚涷 2
塾﹤譏繒允煬?3 佬侳珗鄔懊倓捚a苂駖繚涷 3
C暽煬?3 鉬蝜÷蠍痋奿蓍ˍ嵙謎湇鄋涷藉肫?(Expert Groups)
塾﹤譏繒佬愬¯橏穡牷ˍ嵙謙郪僭珗 (Home Group) 隞供滿臢餑蒶錘鉧郯芛荂疰﹎砫矷弅蟾駍僩涷銧橨挹趨瞄轄? 漺瞻僩涷銧橨挹趨瞄轄邃呯﹎砫矷弅襠捚a苂駖轉椎藉×?佬隞塾閫鉬蝜ˍ嵙蟈橶癒揤 ˍ嵙豁?3 佸谹 4 允 慞橶廘閮蚢岏猁唌卄均臢餑煬銴贊±佴?
蓍ˍ嵙謎湇鄋涷藉肫?岏猁唌佬侳珗閟﹋疰 岋婸鉆郪豖疺疰? 供棠荋挹C暽腴飽疰墓鉌嗶 鉧郯侲腕梒褶堙允蒶樴鏑芩煬閮凈銘芧刲樿塾暽 煬銵臢餑鉥埡卄孝嫩竻
C暽煬?4 塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑樑歖肪餔珥ˍ挹ˍ嵙醜椒蕾竻給 慞橶敷挬鉬纓餔嘈遽嫩繒×嗶詳碳邃呯鉧郯芧蓍ˍ嵙講悝煬瓚刲樿 轅÷禱恁募蕾樿囮庍?腴獄悜刳 滓準嫘呯遉橏膍股毯邦
C暽煬?5 塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳僩貤犖毀庋箋<餔挹鉆郪豖珝桄弄蟈煥﹌捚a? 慞橶墓壬廜飾竻岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑轄蠅薄揤鉬蝜壬廜飽臢餑
C暽煬?6 ˍ嵙褶涷銧擗凊凳忭廷奡 佬銧橨挹證序捇 佸谹÷礙醜祁
÷蟾芧廕?Jigsaw 鉬蝜÷蟾芧煬駖狳墓隞膋殫飽疰滓準嫩塽樿刳煬餑梖籤醬 刲樿 佸谹膋憿挹熒鈱梒僩涷鉆郪豖砡箄扭癒鉬蝜抌?銧? 慞冓餌嫩塽樿刳煬頩恁鈱梒嗷痋奿例﹤矷弅轔瓚忑駖÷蟾芧銧?

岋婸C暽腴飽疰供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋嫗犖 Jigsaw
1. 勻殕瓚塾﹤譏繒滓準嫩塽樿刳遄涷藉×箋譙駖孚涷佬鈱梒嫗體贊供插臢餑塾﹤譏繒鉬蝜 Home Group
ˍ嵙?A ˍ嵙?B ˍ嵙?C ˍ嵙?D
1) ?/span>.?/span>. ? 1) ??.. 1)??? 1)???
2) ?/span>.?/span>. ? 2) ??.. 2)??? 2)???
3) ?/span>.?/span>. ? 3) ??.. 3)??? 3)???
4) ?/span>.?/span>. ? 4) ??.. 4)??? 4)???

2.勻殕芋蒪忌嫘呯煥﹛臢餑 ˍ嵙豁?4 廕瑤痋 庠閫廘餕凅漣珗鉬蝜刲樿鎔苂?靾魰佹谹飽揤迗豕冓餌?4 譜棋滿諙湧 (扯畟觴?/span>) 岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑鉣谹﹞嘉?1 蒪忌? 漺轍菔瓚允蓍ˍ嵙薇凈湧蒪忌嫣錘鉖避芧×?鄋頩 塾﹤譏繒ˍ嵙?A 佬廕閫佴橏煬銵揤棋完淶
塾﹤譏繒 A1 侳珗慞郱赶漣珗煬?1
塾﹤譏繒 A2 侳珗慞郱赶漣珗煬?2
塾﹤譏繒 A3 侳珗慞郱赶漣珗煬?3
塾﹤譏繒 A4 侳珗慞郱赶漣珗煬?4

3.塾﹤譏繒煬鳼湧蒪忌鼓奡鉥梒揤例﹥菔瓚ˍ嵙謠珗桎妥橶癒揤 鉧郯芛荍珗 巷▲畛慞郱荂唻 ̄藪蓍蒪忌?鈱梒﹛臢餑塹橶骳 Expert Groups 漺轍菔瓚允蓍ˍ嵙鍍箄弄寥珝涷×僩荍珗 鄋頩
塾﹤譏繒允煬?1 侳珗太廜邿? 太庍閫佸谹漼溘懠嫗犖誰?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?2 迄碧僩痋a芩棸弝天? 愬﹥覆彸閫煬韏樿孚茧畛籣棋?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?3 刳太腴?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?4 岋婸滓準? 慞迮蠅京芮太腴?
鉡郯芧恁鈱梒僩貤菔瓚a豖譙俉菔瓚抌鉌醮兕體? 蒶暽恁鈱梒嘈遽嫩繒鉬纓餔嘈寥珝涷×麂嫩岋蝔蒪忌僩桄弄蟈
4.塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嫘?Expert Groups ˍ挹轄覲均臢餑鉥埡 (Home Groups) 卄孝匱竊插揤芵埏畟蒶歖擋駖嘟轄肴~飽臢餑謀?鈱婰薇牷廕瑤痋煬?1, 2, 3, 4 (扯畟觴?/span>)
5.勻棶荂疰毀庋犒恁鈱梒僩堙允蓍呯竻鉬蝜證繙堣勿慞橶 墓壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑轄蠅醜餌??span lang="TH">壬廜飽臢餑
? ˍ嵙褶涷銧擗凊凳忭廷奡佬銧橨狶攣譙芚埭酵苤疿鞁殫劃芤黕

籀煜懊 襖氮囮日?銧擉挬照萃鎔狶÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕? Jigsaw鈱郯竻÷襠狺賸境廜頩卄序捄嗟 蓍肫溘疿疺腕? 鞁暾悝塹?

絮婸譜囮木 鉡郯籵犖獅譏繒塹?慞橶塾﹤譏繒弅轄繹
1. 睿﹥瓚襲避芼耽碧菠試÷襠畛 寥蚎塾? 慞郅譎轄腕卄序捄嗟煬魰餌飾竻屣蝘溼抉璽狺勛? 絮媟涷鉬蝜卄扭Y岔棡鏡狶靾魰餌僩癟鈱D仇埽 慞陎捄嗟煬魰餌飾竻鉖龔銧?
2. 太嘎傚狺骳匹畛佴砡寡飾竻絮媯骳扳 煬銵蚎僑蒶毈湧

√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋?

C暽煬?1 :勻棶熒勣序堋捸疰刳匹畛佴砡寡飾竻絮嵕朝膋憿疰疑藕畟慞苤疰芡堇證?

C暽煬?2 :勻殕箄抉譙駖??span lang="TH">試÷襠狺賸境廜頩卄序捄嗟
? 迋﹤餌?4 刲樿 尤?
1) ÷襠狺賸境廜頩卄序捄嗟煬魰餌飾竻屣蝘溼抉璽狺勛?
2) ÷襠狺賸境廜頩卄序捄嗟煬魰餌飾竻屣蝘贊酵骳找錘鉬蝜溼抉璽狺勛?
3) 匹畛佴砡寡馱谹迖鞀
4) 酵埡珛轔瓚匹畛佴砡寡馱谹迖鞀

C暽煬?3 :勻殕箄完恁鈱梒嗶矷鉬蝜ˍ嵙鍥 ˍ嵙豁?4 允 塾﹤譏繒蓍廘餕苤臢餑轅匹畛弅轄繹廘△骳均揤 轅煤擏塾﹤譏繒阰唭慞邿恁鈱梒鼓畟 岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑佬﹎砳漣珗卄孝嫩擅禮鈱郯竻鉥梒?
ˍ嵙??ˍ嵙??ˍ嵙??ˍ嵙??
臥駖岏猁唌 1) ?. 1) ?.. 1)?? 1)....
2) ??.. 2) ??.. 2)??? 2 )......
3) ??.. 3) ??.. 3)??? 3)......
4) ............ 4) ??.. 4)??? 4)......

塾﹤譏繒允煬?1 蓍ˍ嵙??/span>, ?/span>, ?/span>, ? 侳珗蒪匹畛贊殧瓚照√芋藤錨嫘漣珗煬?1 鈮骳塾暽
塾﹤譏繒允煬?2 蓍ˍ嵙??/span>, ?/span>, ?/span>, ? 侳珗蒪匹畛贊殧瓚照√芋藤錨嫘漣珗煬?2 鈮骳塾暽
塾﹤譏繒允煬?3 蓍ˍ嵙??/span>, ?/span>, ?/span>, ? 侳珗蒪匹畛贊殧瓚照√芋藤錨嫘漣珗煬?3 鈮骳塾暽
塾﹤譏繒允煬?4 蓍ˍ嵙??/span>, ?/span>, ?/span>, ? 侳珗蒪匹畛贊殧瓚照√芋藤錨嫘漣珗煬?4 鈮骳塾暽

C暽煬?4 : 塾﹤譏繒煬鳼湧蒪忌嫩椎藉×嘗疰×嫩餌飽臢餑鄋涷藉肫?(Expert Groups) 轅÷襖殮酵畟慞冓G繒證禮珗蓍抌煬韏捚閟岔挹樊揪芮
萃鎔狶熒碳楷竻ˍ嵙謎湇鄋涷藉肫迫創照√芋藤蟋畛蒪忌僩涷 1 尤?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?1 侳珗太募鍍瓚鉬纓餔嫗酷坐荈畛蒶歖餌馱蚞棷卄孝嫩竻 慞苳暽刳畛掅樿還攪凈繳橏孚涷遄涷藉a竻×漱荈畛塾暽
塾﹤譏繒允煬?2 照÷繩棠竻 ? 慞虼挬 ̄郱荎樿還?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?3 太嘎喔瓚遉梒馱茧芮襲蓍菸證?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?4 腕煉馱茧芮慞迮蠅釆韁涷銧擉牷÷繩荂疰毀攪?
侜悝例◎荂疰毀攪均挹絮嵎瑁孚涷 1 鉌醮兕體蝺荂疰毀攪均挹絮嵎瑁孚涷 2 慞陎捄嗟廗閫邰頩? 壅樿薄挹轅÷蹴酷涷繒熒碳楷竻塾﹤譏繒隞邦﹊骳佬照÷繩棠竻×瘉捄嗟煥﹥瑁夾嫩岋蝔
C暽煬?5 : 塾﹤譏繒蓍ˍ嵙謎湇鄋涷藉肫迭竊箔銓蹙魬飽臢餑鉥埡卄孝?(Home Groups) 壅樿薄挹 敷挬鉬纓餔飽揤庋嘟駍僩涷給識獐埭肺算朝膋橨畟忌嘈譙俁漣珗卄均臢餑樑歖肪餔珥 漺轉譎餑例~漣珗煬?1 ∟芧
C暽煬?6 :勻棶棵芮鎔苂塾﹤譏繒 鉬蝜證繙堣勿慞橶墓壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳麂邿蚆疰×嫩餌馱凊凳睿﹛臢餑
C暽煬?7 :證禮珗敷÷繩荍珗ˍ嵙錨呯塾﹤譏繒煤擏呯竻溼珘

2.贊頗犖 STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Division)
Slavin 銧歖妏芤棡廕滿疰鈱梒嫗犖鉬蝜煬?(Student Teams Learning Method) 庠閫轅 4 贊頗犖 尤? Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD) 慞? Teams-Games-Tournaments (TGT) 庠閫鉬蝜贊頗犖煬駔畛疰飩識箝芷×熒堙肫慞陏迡挹股暽 Team Assisted Individualization (TAI) 鉬蝜贊頗犖煬魰佹眓×滿疰庋嘎啋狺勛脹疺腕?慞?Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) 庠閫鉬蝜贊頗犖蓍÷蟾芧侳珗慞? ÷蹴G繒

侜恁÷臘郪僭珗卄岔棡廕滿疰鈱梒嫗犖鉬蝜煬?卄?/span>Slavin 酵苤芮湧
1)÷辭呯證序捇鉬蝜煬?(Team Rewards) 庠閫鉬蝜試÷襠墅閫蓍÷蠅狶鄑郯芧銚蒶暽恁鈱梒嗾紬屁牷揤 供棗骳鉬蝜 Positive Interdependence
2)÷癡挬岍瓴÷籀懠呯遄埭匹畛識獐埭肺箝嘟駍劃堣勿煬閮冓譏繒贊? (Individual Accountability) 匹畛弝鈱蝔卄孚桷佸谹ˍ嵙? 苂湆煬銵疰鈱梒嘔湇卄廷轄肴﹥菔瓚允蓍煬?
3)÷癡挬蒶橧涴矷疺鈮骳鈮梒薄揤煬閮郅譜妧匹畛弝鈱蝔 (Equal Opportunities For Success) 塾﹤譏繒轅抌芾蒶曋桷酵倇漱購豻醮迄橶癒疰壇畟畛照敷忌嫘呯椎H暽﹊骳鉥埡蓍贊誥竻壬廜劂識獄贈? 棋完桄?徶殧菔允煬魰譏繒侳芧∠弅轄繹轅抌芾煬鍵湧 湧÷臘觴觴褶茪凊凳蒶暾捸狺識擏∟芧?塾﹤譏繒煤擏遄閫 閡飽籤? 慞倰駖僱骳找湧識滿疰抌抉岋埡蒶曀桄扼兒譏繒蒶暾梛奡 敷忌飾竻煥﹞嫘僩桷轅方甡畟蒫橨棡廕滿疰供插唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒廕犒淶

弝佸挹贊頗犖 STAD 鉬蝜贊頗犖佴紬孚涷 Slavin 銧歖妏俔 鉡郯芼??/span>.?/span>. 1980 塾暽轅 竻木酵苤芮煬駔茪悜 5 酵苤疰 尤?
1.÷羅豻妏虮婰孚涷菟竻鈱梒?(Class Presentation) 勻殙餌匱湇墓鉌嗶彸閫煬頩恁鈱梒僱樿抉譏繒 靾駍骳佬鉬蝜鎂僩捑寢 煤﹎凊瓚/佸谹 ̄郕÷? ÷羅豻妏虮婰孚涷菟竻鈱梒凳淶迗具芷÷繳藤觴?÷蟾珚埽酵苤芮÷繳藤觴? ÷辭芷椎煤壔譙俉鍾廘銵疰蒶暽恁鈱梒嘉岐谹趙埏捄唌疰毀攪孝畛佴悝忑侲譏繒
2.÷繩荍珗鉬蝜ˍ嵙?(Teams) 勻晲凊箄完恁鈱梒嗶矷鉬蝜ˍ嵙鍥 廘餕苤臢餑佬酵苤芮湧塾﹤譏繒酵釓珜 4-5 允 煬餑掑購畛疰嗤窗菔狶×?轅煤擏鉧候扭瓚鉧畟 慞釓梖籤轉臥樿肫菠 勻棫樿妒淶嶁扼呯塾﹤譏繒蓍ˍ嵙鍵湧溼珘勣弄寥珝涷卄廷轄肴~飽臢餑珗恁鈱梒僱樿妒駍轉侜谹×? 鈱梒嘔駍薄揤 芡堇證罈悜刳鏡×? 腕庋漱茧芮卄壯珗煬鳼湧識瑭芮佹畟慞凊⊿銚太腴疑駍薄揤 岏猁唌煥﹞嫘飽臢餑菟竻照忌嫘呯椎煬駔奡鉧郯俁呯遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊? 蒶憿蚥悝膍慞郱荍珗鏡×嫣湧
侜悝例﹞贊供插臢餑鉌醮兒譏繙鏑苂慞橶 匹辭呯塾﹤譏繒廘餕苤臢餑照忌嘔駍薄揤例~漣珗煬銴贊鉞譏臏鞁? 勻棎狳供毯腕梒錨漣珗煬餑掑荈畛庋握體竻×瘉捄嗟酵倇坐鮈竻熒鈱梒? 鉧郯俁芷鉬蝜熒鈱梒飾竻÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹 勻暀睿★恁鈱梒嘎骳 蒪忌凳淶迋﹥犖轄蒶暽恁鈱梒鼓駍癒揤腴漱荈畛 鉧郯侲腕梒蟋捚弝佸挹÷繩棵芮鎔苂 岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑佬菟竻芾×僱芮太募?鉧郯侲腕梒蟋捚弝佸挹÷繩棵芮鎔苂 岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑佬菟竻芾×僱芮太募褶堙太募?漺轍箄均揤腴漱荈畛鉬蝜屯鳽 慞冓避駖腴漱荈畛鉌醮兕體蝔冓迗太腴瑭砡禳鉬纓餔飽揤 漺薹轄肴﹥菔瓚允佬菟竻轅匹畛識獐埭肺澈紬均揤慞苤揤蓍÷繭芮太募鍍菔瓚a俁呯銧? 蓍÷獺譜華暽蒶樨轄肴﹥菔瓚允轅匹畛識獐埭肺澈紬均揤慞苤揤匹羶耽碧菠棋孝駖隞塹?
2.1 菟竻廜魬些骳岏猁唌廘餕苳嫘飽臢餑弅轄繹腴漱荈畛廘餕苠樿銧樿鎔狶嗨△樿?
2.2 蒶暽恁鈱梒鼓駍癒揤腴漱荈畛煥﹜樿蒶毈湧漺邈錘菟竻卄匹畛芾鉖纔籵牷鉧郯芧嗶﹛臢餑 佸谹卄匹畛芾鉖纔籵牷勻毰呯寥苂襲
2.3 菟竻蒶殧寡膍疺轄肴﹥菔瓚允弅轄繹芵埏畟太腴筵菔瓚a俔湧 園狺荈畛廘餕苠樿鉬蝜廕箋纔矷腴?

3.÷繩棵芮鎔苂 (Quizzes) 侜悝例◎涷塾﹤譏繒廘餕苤臢餑照忌嫩岋蝔鈱梒疑樿轍體? 勻晼蝺荂疰毀庋甄駖繒恁鈱梒?漺繒恁鈱梒僱骳坐僱骳孚? 鉧郯侲餌飽疰酵冓轂馱謄湇煬?塾﹤譏繒銧歖譏繒轄 彸閫塹擉冓餌僱捚 ̄迮嵂馱謄挹樊揪芮卄完恁鈱梒?
4.壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳?(Individual Improvement Score) 壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒佬鉬蝜萃譜華暽蒶暽恁鈱梒僩荍珗佴恁H暽 蓍÷繩棵芮廘餕苳識擏勻晲釓掑凊凳擋暽曼?(Base Score) 庠閫鉬蝜壬廜僱髬忐揣竻塾﹤譏繒蓍÷繩棵芮鎔苂廘餕苳識擏 庠閫壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嫣湧例﹞鍍窗菔狶譜侞骳坐凊凳擋暽曼? (壬廜僱髬忐氬飽疰毀庋?/span>) ×漱凊凳煬頩恁鈱梒嘟芮銧殫飽疰毀庋甄駖繒桄寞 抌壬廜飾竻ˍ嵙?(Team Score) 銧擉牷÷藤壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒煥﹞嫘飽臢餑遉橏湧×?
5.÷藤挹襖尬襲珗卄均臢餑 (Team Recognition) 漺癒疰酵苤疿壬廜飾竻ˍ嵙鍍菔瓚ˍ嵙錨呯溼珘 壅樿薄挹蒶擗茠醜祁 佸谹蒶暺譜÷梒碧腕佸谹蒶橨狶禳挹ˍ嵙褶涷轅壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻ˍ嵙購晪忐? 熐繫來鞁橶骳 壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嘗掑購茪悜鈮骳鈮梒薄挹壬廜僩涷塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嫣湧識漕牷÷繩棵芮

弝佸挹C暽腴飽疰供插唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧 鉬蝜棋完淶

C暽煬?1 C暽庋? 勻棷豻墊飽疰庋嫩塽樿刳 煤﹎倓譙虰堋捸疰遄涷藉×犖獅譏繒塾暽? 迗兒餌飽唻 ̄藪煬銴贊疑藕畟 弅詳?膋樨郯芼譜﹠滿疰庋? 佸谹蒶暽恁鈱梒僩荂唻 ̄藪÷繩棠竻

C暽煬?2 C暽滓準馱謄湇鉬蝜ˍ嵙? 廘餕苤臢餑酵苤芮湧岏猁唌 4-5 允 煬餑掑購畛疰須狶÷蹴譏繒菔狶×?岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙蟋樿岐掑醜a砳些骳 岏猁唌煥﹞麂迮樿孚荍珗鏡×嫩擋駖芾鉖纔矷揤慞苤揤蓍÷蠍痋奿閟﹋疰慞郱熒匹畛贊歖擋駖鉞譏臏壅樿購蚎識滿疰庋甄駖?
勻殙寥嫘呯塾﹤譏繒照棋完淶
?/span>. 菟竻蒶殧寡膍? 岏猁唌煥﹞嫘飽臢餑弅轄繹腴漱荈畛銧曊晼菟竻煥﹜樿
?/span>. 鉡郯芩掅樿囮庍薦譙芼悜刳 蒶暽恁鈱梒鼓駍轉侜谹×嘛畟蓍ˍ嵙薄駖僩涷佬募薑贊佸谹募醜擋駖飽臢餑邰頩
?/span>. 蒶樨轄肴﹠詳碳轉佽媦籠竻太腴滯竻廘餕苳荈畛蒶毈湧 漺轉忠眓廕瑤痋刲晰涷鉬蝜太募覬羅捔廕箝呯鉣谹△芮

C暽煬?3 C暽毀庋甄駖? 勻晲挬蒶暽恁鈱梒僩貤犖毀庋甄駖? 侜悝例★恁鈱梒嫩譏繒慞郱熒鉬蝜ˍ嵙醜<餔挹鈱郯竻煬銵蚎僑 塾﹤譏繒照廕熒棵芮允鉥梒錘轅÷礙駍轉侜谹×?
C暽煬?4 C暽刳壬廜嗾挐境÷? 壬廜嗾挐境÷蹴餌馱凊凳煬鳼湧例﹛疰戰例籀狺鍍窗菔狶譜侞骳坐凊凳煬韏髬忐插疰毀庋漱識擏∟芧? ×漱凊凳煬鳼湧例﹛疰毀庋漱識擏銑豕媞揤
鉡郯俔湧壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳嫗體? 併弄狺凊凳憾硃牷疰卄均臢餑 庠閫銧擉牷÷羅茪凊凳憾硃牷疰卄廷轄肴﹥菔瓚允轄蠅薄揤 佸谹刳方砫怵涷瞽竻壬廜嗾挐境÷璽竻岏猁唌煥﹞?
C暽煬?5 C暽蒶橨狶禳臢餑 ˍ嵙褶涷銧擗凊凳酵挹酵塈菸醜○桿煬銵蚎僑佬銧橨挹太祀鄋薦譙芚埭酵苤疿煬頨芤黕蓍呯竻鈱梒?

萃鎔狶遄陰魽疰銧橨挹證序捇轅棋完淶
壬廜嗾挐境÷蹴怵涷瞽竻ˍ嵙?譜棋疑狶?
15
20 椎轄?
25 椎鉰涷臏

÷癡挬√芋藤謄棡廕?STAD 迗邦赸颯芷×犖獅譏繒蒮?∠銧?鉆郯竻例﹜桄嫗獺鉬蝜÷蟾芧煬銴贊植鉆埳÷繭畛說菠 慞橶併夾挬蒶橧捸疰滓準嫩餌飽臢餑

3.贊頗犖 LT (Learning Together)
贊頗犖 LT (Learning Together) 塹? Johnson & Johnson 鉬蝜樑歖妏俁劂??/span>.?/span>. 1975 菔芩砳劂??/span>.?/span>. 1984 遉砫譏癒贊頗犖塹橶骳 祠恁獺疰鈱梒嘔湇 (Circles of Learning) 贊頗犖塹橧捸疰±佴棵募飽疰喬慞冓忸駖嫣U呯塾﹤譏繒照敷忌嫩餌飽臢餑 蒶暽恁鈱梒嫗禳鉬纓餔馱薑埭鉖蝜慞凊箄宏揤閟﹋疰 ÷轔箄壯珗煬魰佹眓岏 慞苤疰蒶橨狶禳臢餑 庠閫侍咘嘟揤慞虼豖儦庍嫣湧鉌嗶侜恁÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避?鞁橶骳
÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避芚畛贊頗犖 LT 佬菟竻轅竻木酵苤芮棋完淶
1.岋橏坐謄湇忒▽紬屁牷揤 (Positive Interdependence) 蒶歖√揣紩嫘飽臢餑塾﹤譏繒庠閫迗邢赸湧侜畟試 尤?
1.1 ±佴毯駁皊轄藏駍蕾竻ˍ嵙?(Mutual Goals) 蒶曋堙允菟竻鈱梒嘔湇鉖避芧×?
1.2 ÷辭呯證序捇蠅?鄋頩 園疺轄肴◎堙允卄均臢餑銧擗凊凳夭毯餌嘔樿藍?90 H暽隞卄坐凊凳鉞衚 (Joint Rewards) 岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙褸桄麂凈湧壬廜嗾婄邯﹞嘉?5 壬廜?
1.3 蒶殫芷閟﹋疰佸谹慬髓坎樿還?(Share Resources) 勻棎狳嶁﹤矷弅繩涷菟竻膋歖擅禮 1 臾? 岏猁唌廘餕苳麂迮樿妒駍癒揤侳珗漺轍箄抉矷弅襖矷鉬蝜抌? 鉧郯芛荍珗煬鳼湧識瑭芮佹畟蒶樨豻醮?
1.4 ±佴景滓珝卄廷轄肴~飽疰照忌飽臢餑 (Assigned Roles) 忌僩涷趨瞄轄轍菔瓚忌嗶狳±佴景滓珝÷繩荍珗卄廷轄肴~飽臢餑廘△骳均揤 刳﹤餌鳩珗遄涷藉×滿疰腴漱荈畛蓍廕瑤痋刲晰涷±佴? 勻棎狳±佴景滓珝卄廷轄肴~飽臢餑鉬蝜樑樿骳馱荈畛 樑曀蠅京芮 樑憿譜華暽蒶樨轄肴〞駍癒揤夭森狺茧芮慞邾湇迄碧僩痋太腴?
2.供氬呯轅趙埰捘憾兢嚆倓狶塾﹤譏繒 (Face-To-Face Interaction) 蒶暽恁鈱梒僩荍珗湧×嘛畟蒫暻藤觴÷竻匹畛芾鉖纔俉瓚抌抉岋埡×?
3.供氬呯轅匹畛識獐埭肺箝嘟駍劃堣勿煬閮冓譏繒贊? (Individual Accountability) 鉬蝜÷繩赶呯塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳僱桄扼兒譏繒慞衁駍癒揤照忌?靾銵埳愨抉擋駖? 勻棎狳供棵檠鴃疰喬銧暾橶癒疰酵冓轂嫩餌嘔陔? 忐餑岏猁唌卄均臢餑蒶曀芮太募賸譙芤畟忌匱禳疰照忌? 岏猁唌煥﹞麂盓菟竻鉞譏臏壅樿褶涷佬鉬蝜萃溯卄均臢餑
4.蒶擗謄湇遄涷藉×熒恁奾庍坐?(Social Skills) ÷繩荍珗鏡×獐湇邰頩銧樿鎔狶椎 塾﹤譏繒菟竻轅煤﹎郱狶庍坐褶涷來鉬蝜 銧殧∟ 匹畛鉬蝜樑暽?÷繭挬彸嫘? ÷蟾鏑狶匹畛鞁殫?÷蟾郯虮疰 慞郱恁奾÷癡挬÷獺挹a祂挬愬擏苂骳廷鏑狶岋瓣?
5.供氬呯轅 ̄郕÷獺臢餑 (Group Processing) 鉬蝜÷蹴閩氯矷疺蒶暽恁鈱梒劂譜鉡埳÷繩荍珗卄廷轄肴~飽臢餑 蒶憿蚥悝膍庠閫×嫗瓚×?慞倓珝狶酵挹酵塈÷繩荍珗ˍ嵙錨呯椎H暽
例﹌竊﹛疰棋均髓痀照蒶毈湧贊頗犖÷蹴譏繒贊橨駍薄揤 佸谹 Learning Together 煬頩恁鈱梒僩荍珗鉬蝜ˍ嵙醜擋駖蒶毈湧敷忌飽臢餑 蓍4郱荍珗塾﹤譏繒芾×馱埭慞衁駍癒揤腴漱荈畛 壇畟畛照蒶樨轄肴◎堙允轅抌鏡慞郱堙允遉橏膍煬餑牶竻太腴? 蒶暽恁鈱梒飾秅薊駍轉侜谹例﹤擋駖飽駖僩涷佬募薑贊 慞苳贊祀鄋薦譙俁呯證序捇ˍ嵙蟋畛敷忌飾竻ˍ嵙醜餌嘈竊?
蓍÷羅蚚棡廕犒淶隞膋擗植鉆埳÷繫悝塹?
1. ±佴棗捄嗟酵倇坐魽疰庋嫘呯股毯邦
2. 供插臢餑蒶橧掅境港錘遄埳 6 允 刳★恁鈱梒嗽悝蒶錘菔矷疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避?匹辭芷ˍ嵙褶涷轅Ⅰ珒鉣蝖 鉧郯俁呯塾﹤譏繒轅抌鏡轄◎涷忐?塾﹤譏繒蓍廘餕苤臢餑轅匹畛弅轄繹廘△骳均揤 轅鉧候扭瓚鉧畟 廘魬劃狶勻桄均疰供晶恁鈱梒僩涷轅匹畛弅轄繹鉖避芧×嫩a牷臢餑鉥梒揤鉧郯芺痋煤﹎苤褖畛疰須赸湧
3. 供氬呯轅塾﹤譏繒塾閫刲嘈寥砫a皊牷揤鉬蝜 鉧郯俁呯弅轄繹忑駖弅臘棷尺癒揤銧樨迡
4. 供毯矷弅襠譙虮郯矷疰庋僩涷照蒶暽恁鈱梒僱樿屁紬屁眝疿捔×? 鄋頩 供毯矷弅辭呯ˍ嵙豁衁奡鉥梒?鉧郯俁呯塾﹤譏繒廕閫×僑? 廕閫鉆郪豖眝矷鉬蝜抌鎔苂蒶殧菔瓚允識獐埭肺箝飽疰侳珗 慞郱赶呯遄埭÷轔Z坎揤譜侞骳均臢餑鉧郯俁呯岏猁唌檠邃飽臢餑菟竻擁閫懊芾鉖纔矷揤照蒶憿臢餑卄孝嫩餌飽臢餑煬隤塵
5. ±佴景滓珝卄廷轄肴~飽臢餑鉧郯俁呯遄埭÷臘紬屁牷揤 萃鎔狶熒碳瑯飽疰照忌飽臢餑銧殧∟ 樑樨贈鄞駖 照佴橏煬駔贈遣獅譏繒 樑曀蠅京芮 照佴橏煬駔芮募醜擋駖嘟轄肴?樑憿譜華暽 照佴橏煬駔閫鉌譎薊恁竺嫘呯鉧郯芧岏猁唌煥﹞嫗妠坐薑埭鉖蝜 樑暻揤煦? 照佴橏煬閮景揤煦﹛疰萃棵埳膍卄均臢餑佸谹證禮珗卄均臢餑 樑樨悝遄? 照佴橏煬韏蠅京芮匹畛鏡避芤倓狶岏猁唌檠邃飽臢餑
6. 芵埏畟忌僩涷趨瞄轄邃呯塾﹤譏繒照
7. 嶁擏鄑郯芧銚鉧郯籵挬岍瓴蒶歖√握醜<餔揤×嫘嫩譙駖坎竻鉬橏佹畟鏡 迗邢赸湧漺癒蚎僑蒶憿臢餑敷埽敷忌嘔駍薄揤鉧梒?1 肴暽 佸谹蒶橨狶禳臢餑例□襲珗卄廷轄肴﹥菔瓚允
8. 供棵檠整呯遄埭匹畛識獐埭肺箝飽疰鈱梒嘔湇卄扭菔瓚允 庠閫佬照蒶曋堙允轅抌蒶憿挹ˍ嵙?鄋頩 勻晲挬庋犒恁鈱梒嫩餌嘔畟種中? 勻椋嵙醜纔矷岏猁唌卄坐嫘握嘈墅閫H暽轄證禮珗敷忌飾竻ˍ嵙? 佸谹勻殙纔矷敷忌飾竻岏猁唌允蒮允佴紬岐砫餌僱捚廗飾竻ˍ嵙鍍體呯壬廜飽臢餑例□襲珗卄廷轄肴﹞凳桄? 鉬蝜菟?
9. 供棵檠整呯遄埭匹畛鏡避芤倓狶ˍ嵙? 鉬蝜菟嘎骳蒶曊畛鉧郯芧ˍ嵙趨郯嫣湧鉡郯芚樿均疰匹畛芾鉖纔?
10. 芵埏畟遄陰鮈竻匹畛弝鈱蝔 ÷辭呯壬廜馱鉬蝜廕睿唭遄陰嚌牷﹊骳邴均臢餑 弝佸挹ˍ嵙鍍犖廘△骳? (Heterogeneous Groups) 遄陰魽疰蒶擗凊凳弝佸挹廘餕苤臢餑佬菟竻戰例籀砫餌嘔畟 ̄博隞
11. 譜種奮菠 ̄藪煬銴珒侞悝 蓍譜覆愨▽警唌藤褶涷夫森?尤? 蒶樿蹙銵挹ˍ嵙?募薊郯侲擋駖嘟轄肴~嗾警唌藤謄迡挹煬隢挹恍芧H暽 銧殧∟ 蒶樨轄肴◎堙允轅抌鏡蓍÷襖殮酵畟 煥﹞嫩a砳?慞冓呦僑橶癒挹太腴滯竻ˍ嵙?
12. 譜侞骳孚涷塾﹤譏繒照忌嫩餌飽臢餑 勻椑梣滓珝 棋完淶
12.1 庍抉△奮菠 ̄藪÷繩荍珗卄完恁鈱梒嗶鎔狶菔侲塽駖? 鉧郯芫豻墊飽疰寣毈? 刳★恁鈱梒劂譜妧銑倒砳飽疰照忌嘈譙芼悜刳遄涷藉×滿疰鏡避矷揤
12.2 蒶擗薊駍轉侜谹塾﹤譏繒 勻晲豻餌僱樿抉a砪頗溼~嘔倓狶÷繩荍珗卄完恁鈱梒嫩餌馱識擏勻痀 鉧郯耵淶嶁坐蚘桎?鉧郯芚芮銑倒牶樿囮庍?鉧郯矷譜華暽蒶暽恁鈱梒嫗妠坐薑埭鉖蝜 撼握娷 慞冓擋駖庋僩恁奾÷蹴譏繒
12.3 庋僩恁奾÷藤駍謠谹鉧郯俁呯忑駖弅獺揤銧樿鎔狶轅酵倇埸詳檠?
13.岋婸熒鈱梒嫖朝塾﹤譏繒慞苳贊
14.塾﹤譏繒酵冓轂飽疰照忌飾竻岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙鍍瓚刳廜狶寣毈Ⅲ悜刳÷繩荍珗蓍勻桄孝駖隞
15.÷羶譜鉡埳敷
15.1 酵冓轂匱襲珗卄完恁鈱梒?迗邢赸湧侜畟試 鄋頩 蒶樨轄肴◎堙允蓍ˍ嵙鍵湧壬廜嫩瑁牷揤 庠閫鉬蝜÷蹴岋埡愨扼呯塾﹤譏繒鏡避矷揤 佸谹蒶殧癟鉌譎鍍犖鏡避俔遝鏑芩×滿疰蒶殧癟鉌譎謄畟種中? 漺邃呯壬廜嫩餌嘔畟種中襯牷敷忌飾竻廘餕苳嫗瓚蒶橨狶禳臢餑例﹞凊凳蠅蕾竻岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙? 佸谹塾﹤譏繒銧擗凊凳卄孝嫩竻蠅薄挹壬廜嗾婄 (Bonus Points) 煬鳼湧例”蚢岏猁唌檠邃飽臢餑煬鳼湧壬廜匱骳嫩○桿煬銵蚎僑
15.2 酵冓轂飽疰照忌飾竻ˍ嵙薇牷÷蟾悝遄腕倓狶鈱梒? 慞苤疰芡堇證邃飾桄飽譜瘉飽疰ˍ嵙?

C暽腴飽疰供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋嫗犖 LT
1. 勻殕瓚塾﹤譏繒滓準嫩塽樿刳鉥埡 佸谹匹畛贊樴郪僭珗煬魰<餔樿?
2. 勻殕芋廕瑤痋佸谹蒪忌嫘呯煥﹛臢餑 ˍ嵙豁?1 臾毯佹谹飽揤 塾﹤譏繒芾照忌嫖朝廕閫佴橏煬魨菔瓚允 鄋頩
塾﹤譏繒允煬?1 侳珗太廜邿? 太庍閫佸谹漼溘懠飽疰植鉆埳忌?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?2 謀坎桄僱芧慞陏蠅蕾樿還?
塾﹤譏繒允煬?3 侳珗彸閫煬魤邢鎳菟竻÷繩證筵體狺茧芮
塾﹤譏繒允煬?4 腕太腴?
鉡郯芧恁鈱梒僩貤菔瓚a豖譙俉菔瓚抌鉌醮兕體? 蒶暽恁鈱梒嘈遽嫩繒鉬纓餔嘈寥珝涷×嫘飽疰照漼溘鮈樿剽港遠堙勻桄夾嫩岋蝔廕瑤痋煤擏佹?
3.廘餕苤臢餑抌均譜棍氻茧芮佸谹敷忌嫩擅禮臾毯椎藉 匯虰骳鉬蝜敷忌僩涷岏猁唌煥﹞嗽芩識?慞冓a砳兕犖誰﹌譙矷疰照忌鼓婩凳淶慞橶
4.腕太腴瞄譙芞襲珗蒶擗凊凳湧ˍ嵙醜竻佸谹勻晼諙湧 ˍ嵙褶涷銧擗凊凳忭廷奡佬銧橨狶攣譙芚埭酵苤疿鞁殫劃芤黕

4.贊頗犖 TAI (Team Assisted Individualization)
TAI (Team Assisted Individualization) 尤? 試÷蟾芧煬頛岏暱珗譜侞骳均疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避?(Cooperrative Learning) 慞苤疰庋嘔畟種中?(Individualization Instruction) 遉橏湧×? 漺邃呯樑歖譏繒銧橝岐谹照√芋藤錨飽疰鈱梒嫣湧湧給閟孝畛匹畛弅轄繹卄孝嫗瓚抌抉岋埡匹畛鏡避芡畟蓍ˍ嵙? 轅÷轔禳鉬纓餔劂譜妧÷籀魽疰鈱梒嘔湇慞郅耽庍謙揤賄煉廷悝切

C暽腴飽疰供插唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧
1. 供晶恁鈱梒嫩餌飽臢餑 ˍ嵙豁?4-5 允 酵苤芮湧塾﹤譏繒遄閫 閡飽籤?慞倰駖?
2. 毀庋漕挬譜棋?(Placement Test) 菸薑凊凳煬鳼湧
3. 塾﹤譏繒﹎砫矷弅轔塵墓熒鈱梒?照√芋藤薇牷忑駖煬鳼湧識? 鉌醮兕體閫蒶歖擋駖嫘飽臢餑腕 漺臏掅樿廜邿荋悝塹?
3.1 腴熄晼佹晰堙a?蒶歖譏繒菔?
3.2 腴獐埭粹狶蒶擃恁募醜擋駖嫘飽臢餑鉧郯耵駍轉侜谹∟芧煬閮迠畛勻?
4.鉡郯芧恁鈱梒僩貤犖誰﹌挬煤﹎凅嘟郯芛涷銧歖譏繒那慞橶
4.1 毀庋甄駖穢碧?A 鉬蝜證繙堣勿 抌扼呯鉧郯芧蓍ˍ嵙蟋蠅?園砪湧壬廜?75% H暽隞 匯虰骳潸珗
4.2 園砪湧壬廜嫣錘勣?75% 蒶毈韶譏繒例﹋郯芛涷﹎砪頗體捸勻桄?慞橶毀庋漫碧?B 鉬蝜證繙堣勿
5.毀庋犒恁鈱梒僑橶轍犖毀庋獄譜來佴駍?(Unit Test)
園砪錘潸珗 75% 樑樨芧佬戰例籀砡⊿銚銑倒眝捸勻桄?
6.勻暀埭壬廜嫩怵涷瞽竻廘餕苤臢餑 慞橶供棹揤棋煽悝塹?
6.1 ˍ嵙褶涷潸珗遄陰壖晪 銧歖餌?Super Team (蟬毯謬餔?/span>)
6.2 ˍ嵙褶涷潸珗遄陰儢珗ˍ狶 銧歖餌?Great Team (椎轄?/span>)
6.3 ˍ嵙褶涷潸珗遄陰黖髬 銧歖餌?Good Team ()

5.贊頗犖 TGT (Teams ?Games -Tournaments)
÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕疑駍謠谹菸謄棡廕?TGT 鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹×嫗Z坎揤照√芋藤? 漺臏掅桄僱芧÷癡挬√芋藤蟈悝塹?
C暽煬?1勻棶熒熒鈱梒僩涷鈱梒嘗砡體識擏∟芧 湧÷禱恁募鍍瓚芵埏畟 腴滯樿囮庍瞽竻塾﹤譏繒
C暽煬?2 供插臢餑廕漱瓚×? (Home Team) ˍ嵙?3-4
C暽煬?3 廘餕郱桷﹎皊捚a芛涷鈱梒嫘嘎揤塹擉牷廕瑤痋 (Worksheet And Answer Sheet) 塾?鈱梒嫗菔瓚允照佴橏煬魨瓚趙埏捄埽畛△唌牶竻 Cooperative Learning 鄋頩 鉬蝜樑擉景揤煦?樑擗蚢 樑樨塾監壽? 鉡郯虮轄肴◎堙允遉橏膍慞倇畛疰須貤犖誰﹌挬銧曊晼菟竻煥﹜樿 煬薇冓譎餑照÷轔Z坎揤腴獄悜刳

C暽煬?4 ÷轔Z坎揤腴獄悜刳 (Academic Games Tournament)
4.1勻棶蚎寥珝涷鉬蝜樑擉挬÷襠樿抉譏繒 漺轍箄孝畛匹畛弅轄繹卄完恁鈱梒?鄋頩
漟縟煬?1 鉬蝜漟縟屣閫C嘟蚎識犒恁鈱梒僩涷轅匹畛弅轄繹遄閫轄?
漟縟煬?2 慞?3 鉬蝜漟縟屣閫C嘟蚎識犒恁鈱梒僩涷轅匹畛弅轄繹閡飽籤?
漟縟煬?4 鉬蝜漟縟煬魨Z坎揤弝佸挹塾﹤譏繒煬餑掑購畛疰傯駖?
4.2 勻殕芋屍坐荈畛來嘎?10 太募錨呯煥﹦虛?(鉬蝜太募醜佹谹飽揤)
4.3 塾﹤譏繒鉬纓餔飽揤侁埏屍坐荈畛煬瓚 1 屍?(1 太募?/span>) 慞橶巫均籤把虛?
4.4 塾﹤譏繒 3 允煬魰侜谹太嘎傚狺茧芮 例﹞荈畛煬?侳珗
4.3 遉梒馱茧芮襲蓍 ̄迡疶太腴熒涷廘餕苳嘗梠蹙?
4.5 塾﹤譏繒允煬頝蚎寥珝涷侳珗太募薇冓餌馱嫘呯壬廜? 漺臏捸菠÷÷辭呯壬廜?棋完淶
4.5.1 樑曀芮嗨﹤餌馱嫗獺 佬銧?2 壬廜?
4.5.2 樑曀芮嗨﹞僱駖隞 佬銧擗嘉?1 壬廜?
4.5.3 園珛芮樊?蒶?0 壬廜?
4.6 照C暽腴僩涷 4.3 - 4.5 漺翹竊插揤侳珗太募薇飽狺荈畛佬佹?
4.7 塾﹤譏繒煥﹞嘔壬廜飾竻萃竻 漺繚涷煥﹞馱銧曀芮太募薇蚢鈮骳?×?供棠荋挹卄坐凊凳煬鳼湧 庠閫±佴氯犒捗卄扭菔瓚漟縟棋完淶
熇塾?樑曋涷銧擗凊凳忭廷奡煬?1酵虼貣虛凊菔瓚漟縟 佬銧殪犒捗 10 廘橧
樑曋涷銧擗凊凳襖孚涷 2 酵虼貣虛凊菔瓚漟縟 佬銧殪犒捗 8 廘橧
樑曋涷銧擗凊凳襖孚涷 3 酵虼貣虛凊菔瓚漟縟 佬銧殪犒捗 6 廘橧
樑曋涷銧擗凊凳寥苂煬駔奡 酵虼貣虛凊菔瓚漟縟 佬銧殪犒捗 4 廘橧
C暽煬?5塾﹤譏繒ˍ挹轄ˍ嵙醜椒? (Home Team) 蠅鍍菟鎂犒捗卄孚堙允
煬錨晰涷轅廘橧熇塾巠晪忐? 佬蒶橨狶攣譙芚埭酵苤疿鞁殫嘗媮Z痀卄弄樿?

6.贊頗犖 GI (Group Investigation)
GI (Group Investigation) 憾硃砩朝 Sharan 慞苳創 鉬蝜贊頗犖÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹煬餑掑虧挹恍芧慞苤狶轄? 酵悛倡卄岔棡廕?GI ∠尤芚樿均疰酷晼諸均疰鏡避矷揤苂骳岐梬譜肫詳颱肅 轅÷獺譜例臍疰虴珗慞倇埸詳蓍÷轔妠坐薑埭鉖蝜煬魰瑁砫煬臏×飾竻岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙? GI 轅÷獺譜華暽熒碳毽涷廘△骳均揤煤擏檠邃飽臢餑慞陏倓狶ˍ嵙?
廜埭蓍÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧
1. 塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳麂凈湧慲揮匹畛弅轄繹卄孝?蓍÷轔岆弄狺謄湇 (佸谹蓍÷繩荍珗)
2. 塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳? 菟竻嗉畟溴握謄湇佸谹試÷繩荍珗蒶歖擋駖凳恁鈱梒嫩a砳迄橶?
3. 煥﹞僱樿岔駍鍍妠坐薑埭鉖蝜 芡堇證竄恁募薇嫩a砳具僩堙鈱郯竻(佸谹煥“珗)
4. 煥﹞僱樿岔駍謠谹×嘟贈誘醜a砳邢涷銧?(忭腕佸谹匹畛庍謙揤賄佸谹敷忌?/span>) 墓抌彤狳疰鎳鉧梒?1 征挹鈮骳塾暽
5. 鉖轄苤挹÷蟾芧匹畛贊曋涷弅轄繹愬﹤餌嗶埰譜銧歖餌嘟駍寞 佸谹愬◎赸湧侜畟試 佸谹÷繩熒鈱郯竻蒮煬魨箄抉餌嫩譙駖岑駖醬 銧? 佸谹÷繩荍珗煬魨癒迋﹤餌鼓婩寞 銧?

GI 轅竻木酵苤芮苂湆湧×?6 酵苤疰 尤?
1. ÷蹴纔矷刲樿鈱郯竻煬閮倞痋奿 (Topic Selection) 塾﹤譏繒鉣谹﹌捚a芛涷鄔懊冓例虼坎竻銑倒珝涷鉣谹? 慞橶ˍ嵙薇凊箄尾疰虴珗迋﹤餌鳩珗鎔苂?煬餑梛轄肴?2-5 允鏡×僩荍珗

2. ÷蠅狶廒嘔駍謠谹×嫘飽疰照忌?(Cooperative Planning) 勻殕瓚塾﹤譏繒扭撕鏡×嫘嘎堋桭豻墊飽疰 檠譜忌僩涷照 慞冓駁皊轄瞽竻忌嫘嫗菔瓚刲樿鎔苂菸覬悜刳煬魰纔矷

3. ÷繫豻墊鳩珗菸鍍撕÷繩涷找 (Implementation) 塾﹤譏繒植鉆埳忌僱畛廒飽疰煬駍狶鞁殫飾桄僩涷 2 √芋藤鍍瓚煤﹎迮骳扳 煬頩恁鈱梒麂迮樿庇痋奿匹藪狳牷慬髓坎樿還韁桄尾畟蓍慞釔畟嗶﹦癟鈱梒? 勻晲凅呯太酵痋奿×滿臢餑壅樿薄挹菠斯畛匹畛⊿痀佴橏蓍÷繩荍珗卄完恁鈱梒嫗瓚芾鉖纔芧恁鈱梒嫩避駖遉珛樿均疰匹畛芾鉖纔?

4. ÷蠅婄勻眓咘慞倇悝鄐證倓鴔珗煬頝?(Analysis and Synthesis) 塾﹤譏繒鄐證倓憼瓚酵冓轂飾樿還韁涷遉疰蠅鍵湧蓍C暽煬?3 慞陎狶廒嘈譙芶坎樿岋婸蓍贊頗犖煬頩骳妏膍鉧郯芧豻妏芚駖股暽鈱梒?

5. ÷羅豻妏芞襲珗 (Presentation of Final Report) ˍ嵙褸豻妏芞襲珗菸賸捚a侲譙駖孚涷鉣谹? 勻棫樿屁觴觴錨呯塾﹤譏繒煥﹞嫣湧轅抌鏡4郱涷轅÷羅豻妏芞襲珗佴橏股暽鈱梒嫩擋駖鉬蝜÷璽觴瞻薑埭卄孝捚塾﹤譏繒閟扼呯﹊橏找ˍ 漺轉忠眓蓍刲樿鈱郯竻煬銵臢餑靾鳼湧﹎? 勻晲郱蚎寥珝涷鉬蝜樑暺譜弅鳩珗蓍譜侞骳均疰墓鉌嗶敷忌?

6. ÷羶譜鉡埳敷 (Evaluation) 勻殕瓚塾﹤譏繒佬鏡×劂譜鉡埳敷忌僩涷嗨★豻妏芴鏑芩煤擏慲揮匹畛夭毯呦僩涷轅菔芞襲珗煥〞婩? ÷羶譜鉡埳敷迗並煤擏÷羶譜鉡埳鉬蝜證繙堣勿慞冓餌飽臢餑

GI 鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹煬餑芮佹畟匹畛識獐埭肺睿鎔狶忭扼呯×犒恁鈱梒? 蓍÷繩涷佬箄妒淶砫譏繒迖鞀慞冓譏繒苂骳找?蓍÷藤蠅蕾樿還? 鄐證倓憼瓚菅匹畛佹畟卄廷婰孚涷﹎砩朝鉆暽÷蟾郯秅賸轄轍瓚÷轔禳鉬纓餔馱薑埭鉬蝜卄均揤慞苤揤蓍÷繩荍珗

C暽腴飽疰供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋?廕閫迋﹤餌?4 C暽腴嫘阰鳽 棋完淶
1.÷繩熒慞衁淶嶁?(5-10 境煬)
1.1 勻殕瓚塾﹤譏繒滓準馱謄湇鉥埡 佸谹煤﹎郋郪僭珗煬閮豻餌僩涷菟竻溼珘佸谹弅轄繹供晰豻餌嘗牷駖?
1.2 勻棳矷佩暑譜囮木卄均疰鈱梒嘔湇蓍夫滿疰庋凳淶
1.3 勻棎詳碳瞽桄僱芧卄均疰趙埏捄唭珗慞陎堋捸疰菔狶? 卄均疰鈱梒嫗犖 GI
2.÷藪芮佹畟忌嫗瓚趙埏捄唭珗 (10-15 境煬)
2.1 勻晲挬鉞譏臏蒪忌?漺轍癒迋﹤餌?4 抌 佸谹 4 試菸薑醜佹眓岏 (供氮箄壯珗扯畟-觴?/span>) 趨箝呯廘餕苤臢餑鉖避芧×?
2.2 檠邃飽臢餑供氮箄壯珗菸薑褻塾?匹畛弅轄繹 (侳芧-遄閫)
2.3 廘餕苳僩茧畛蒪忌僩涷銧橨挹趨瞄轄? 蒶歖岋蝔檠邃嫩珝涷±佴?
3.岋婸敷忌?(15-20 境煬)
3.1 廘餕苳凳蚍襲珗卄孝嫩妏芚駖鉧郯芧?蓍ˍ嵙蟋畛籣棋? 1-4
3.2 芵埏畟竊﹎創忌僩涷銧橨挹 ÷繫豻墊鳩珗 邦勣廷贈遠涷銧? (佸谹敷忌僩涷 慞橶鉌醮?/span>)
3.3 鉧郯芧?弅轄繹鏡芡堇證薦譙肏恁募?廜薑埭 廜疰寣暺悜刳佸谹 鉌嗶匹畛夭毯呦嗶郯寞 銧? 邦煥﹞嫩a砳兕刻薊挬蓍煥“珗勻熄橶?
3.4 供晰豻餌嘔畟忌嘔駍薄揤佸谹敷忌嘔駍薄揤抌?1 臾?
4. ÷羶譜鉡埳敷 照銧橚籤藉堋掅紩嗶蹙銵挹鉲籤煬魰侜谹 鄋頩
4.1 蒶暽恁鈱梒凳蚍襲珗轄鉌嗶佴橏股暽鈱梒嘈譙芮劃芤黕 慞橶勻椇湇庋劂譜鉡埳 佸谹萃擏 ̄藪÷羅恁鈱梒嘗猁駍罈譜鉡埳敷忌飾竻ˍ嵙蟋骳扳 (嗶﹤砫譏繒)
4.2 勻殙纔矷塾﹤譏繒允蒮∠銧殫嫗菔瓚ˍ嵙謠疰畟忌匱禳疰照忌僩桄弄蟈 煥﹞僱樿屁鏑芩煬閮陏畟忌僩桄弄蟈銧?
4.3 例﹞凊凳煬鳼湧 勻椌醜祁 佸谹蒶橨狶?佸谹遄蝥庈岏壬廜嫣 弝佸挹÷癡挬刳 Super Team 酵虼蚘捋棍咘菔俔?

7.熐轔 ̄?CIRC (Cooperative Intergrated Reading and Composition)
CIRC 尤?熐轔 ̄購蚎識監芧÷襖骳?÷蹴G繒慞郱恁奾煉尾疶? (Language arts) 膋憿挹塾﹤譏繒譜棋獄譜黍﹎珛芧酷畟 漺轉寥僩涷侜恁忭腕慞陎堋捸疰庋?漺癒疰壇畟畛墓÷蹴譏繒贊殧犖鏡避芩砳芷 熐轔 ̄?CIRC 憾硃牶紩嫖朝 Madden, Slavin 慞?Stevens 蓍閣 1986 塾瘉骳鉬蝜熐轔 ̄褶涷蒶錘煬駔奡卄序堋捸疰鈱梒嘔湇鉬蝜煬? 庠閫鉬蝜熐轔 ̄薄疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避芛涷寡疺嫘阬婰? 鉆郯竻例﹤餌嫖酵寣藪÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧煬頩荂疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避芩砳芷×滿疰侳珗慞苤疰遉梒嫖朝腕?
CIRC-Reading 弝佸挹÷襖骳? 塾﹤譏繒佬銧橨挹÷蟾芧檠邃飽臢餑÷襖骳?侜悝例★桄嫘呯塾﹤譏繒愬﹠矷鉬蝜煬? 鉧郯芛荍珗菸薄唻 ̄藪廕疑駍謠谹 漺癒疰供漱湆×嗶骳?÷繩蚢畟鈱郯竻煬駖骳? ÷蟾贈韶譙駖扼呯邯﹞嘈墅閫謀?÷蹴G繒腴漱荈畛例﹤譙駖?÷羸痋庈●太噸? ÷繹芫襠捗慞郇痋鈱郯竻太噸? 塾﹤譏繒照忌嘔駍薄揤蓍煬醜擋駖蒶暽恁鈱梒嘟畛疰隅挹膍匹畛弝天迫竻鈱郯竻煬駖骳嫣湧 慞凈湧煤﹎倰郯寞 煬魰<餔樿均挹匹畛遉橏膍蓍÷襖骳?
CIRC-Writing/Language Arts 弝佸挹÷蹴G繒 試÷繩涷膋憸紩嗶蹙銵挹贊頗犖 ̄郕÷蹴G繒 庠閫膋橨棡廕熒桷鉖避芧×算酵寣藪 CIRC 弝佸挹÷襖骳? 試÷羅淶塾﹤譏繒照忌嘔駍薄揤鉧郯虰狶廒?(plan) 鏡狶菟鼎碧?(draft) 滓準嫗⊿銚 (revise) 蠅疑慞陓荋挹鈱郯竻 (edit) 慞郋埡樺佸谹慲揮敷忌?(publish) 鈱郯竻煬魨菔彤矷轄 漺瞻贊鉬蝜樑歖妏侲塽樿刳鉧梒抉驗★樿轉<餔挹廜狶 (style) 鉆郪豖?慞苤龔堋掅竻÷蹴G繒
CIRC 弝佸挹÷襖骳嫗瓚÷蹴G繒塾暽 漺罈△婛體凅芷匹漱湆隞湧×?廘銵譜塾暽∠弅轄繹膋殪酵寣藪塹殧癒蓍÷蟾芧侳珗 佸谹庋飽疰遉梒嫩擅禮苂骳扼棹鎔狶佴紬找湧
熐轔 ̄薄疰鈱梒嫗犖鏡避?轅竊﹎創√芋藤鎂朝蠅蟈悝塹擗谹
1. ÷蟾芧鈱婰蟋暽例﹞贊 (Teacher Instruction)
2. ÷羸痋趙埏捄埬畟蓍煬?(Team Practice) 塾﹤譏繒照忌嫘飽臢餑庠閫轅岏猁唌 4-5 允漺臏掑購畛疰嗤窗菔狶×?鈱梒嘔湇×麂牷煬銴贊銧橧芮佹畟蒶殪朝÷辭芷 Worksheet 佸谹阹說籀魽疰誰﹠郯寞 H暽苂湆×箋塽樿刳煬魰譏繒 塾﹤譏繒佬銧暺譜鉡埳鉧郯芧岏猁唌蓍ˍ嵙虧紬均揤慞苤揤
3. 塾﹤譏繒銧暺譜鉡埳÷蹴譏繒贊憸竻給閟?(Individual Assessment) 蓍鈱郯竻卄坎樿匹畛贊橚譙芛恁奾煬魰D銧橨挹蓍熒鈱梒?
4. 壬廜麂牷÷羶譜鉡埳塾﹤譏繒廘餕苳?佬蠅醜餌馱凊凳卄孚桷 (Team Recognition) 煬錨晰涷銧擗凊凳勣抉○桿煬銵蚎僑鞁? 佬銧橨挹蒪酵苤疿塹繙捄襠譙芤狶攪郯寞
÷癡挬ˍ嵙褸恁鈱梒?
塾﹤譏繒佬照忌僱畛√芋藤褶涷±佴? 檠邃飽臢餑÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷轅塾﹤譏繒庠閫轅匹畛弅轄繹廘△骳均揤蓍ˍ嵙薄疰侳珗 (Reading Groups) 塾暽 塾﹤譏繒佬嗨﹛蚎僑蒶樿蹙魬飽臢餑 ÷襖骳?來嘎?2-3 ˍ嵙?H暽苂湆×疑迡挹÷襖骳飾竻遉? 漺瞻贊鉬蝜樑憿蚎僑蒶橶骳 塾﹤譏繒 允蒮供棗骳苂湆蓍ˍ嵙醜∟?閡飽籤?佸谹侳芧

煬?(Teams)
侜悝例﹛疰廕閫塾﹤譏繒迋﹤餌飽臢餑÷襖骳嫗體? 勻晲苤蚎僑蒶暽恁鈱梒麂挹屯銵揤慞橶廘餕苳湆佬嗨﹛蚎僑蒶歖餌僩桷 煬頠譜﹠煽橶薹轄肴﹠捸屯駎墅閫煬餑狳牷ˍ嵙薄疰侳珗邰頩 萃鎔狶鄋頩 蓍煬賸墅閫酵苤芮湧塾﹤譏繒庋坐僩涷轄例﹛臢餑÷襖骳僩涷遄閫 (Top Reading Group) 慞邿恁鈱梒嗶捸庋坐僩涷轄例﹛臢餑÷襖骳僩涷侳芧﹊骳 (Low Reading Group) 抌塾﹤譏繒煬閮挬畛梬悜刳煉均疰侳珗 ∠蒶憿譜例癒揤苂湆蓍煬蟋骳扳 轅√芋藤蟋骳扳 來嘎嘈籤癒唻 ̄藪 煬閮迮樿孚荍珗鏡×嫗犖鉬蝜屯鳽 廘駖鎔狶鞀∠菸? 邯﹞湆佴紬孚涷苂湆蓍煬醜椎藉×嘟畛疰隍駍轉侜谹×嫣湧 塾﹤譏繒蓍煬薇凅芷鉲籤抌蒶剛照忌僩涷鉬蝜邴岋虼牷勻?
÷辭呯壬廜?
壬廜飾竻塾﹤譏繒銧擉牷÷繭芮太募?(Quizzes) ÷轔菔宏譜熆?(Composition) 慞倇遽棺畟忌?(Book Reports) 漺繒蚆疰×嫩餌馱凊凳卄孚桷
1. 煬褶涷照壬廜嫘僩堙√芋藤鍵湧勣抉○桿 90% 卄均唻 ̄藪煬鳼湧識箝嘟捋棍咘佴紬扳 佬銧橨挹÷羶譜÷骳鉬蝜 uper Team?慞凈湧識獄譜÷梒碧腕
2. 煬褶涷照壬廜嫣湧 80-90% 佬銧橨挹酵苤疿蒶歖餌?reat Team?慞凈湧識? 蒪酵苤疿塹繙捄辭嘔迡挹襖巫岐?

C暽腴飽疰植鉆埳÷?弅轄繹照銧曀畛C暽腴嫘僱疰狶菔俔遜淶

C暽腴?試÷?
1 嶁﹤譙駖廷蚎識睿骳嫘呯塾﹤譏繒煥﹞?勻殕塵墓
太噸懠佹?滓準馱蚧挩瑜遄骳 蒶暽恁鈱梒僱桄?
佩暑譜囮木蓍÷襖骳?
2 塾﹤譏繒煥﹞嗶骳嫩譙駖抉竻蓍膍勻紬抉譙駖?
3 供漱湆×匱竊插揤侳珗允瓚 1 瓣 4郱涷允佴紬彤骳?邯?
允佴紬夾迮樿坐苂菸鍵輕橶轉擋駖腕棻狺湆卄孝?
侳珗樊森譙俔錘 佬銧撉駍癒揤寣毈?
4 鉡郯迋骳嘗砪湧勻紬抉譙駖扼呯塾﹤譏繒侁奡 遉梒劃藤觴?
竊﹎創卄抉譙駖?照境轉譙駖孝駖隞珨悜刳佬嗨﹥⊿銚
苂骳找蹴G繒襲蓍 ̄迡疶卄孝嫩竻 慞橶遉梒僱芮鉬蝜
敷忌飾竻煬趨捸 1 臾?(煥﹞鼓駍癒揤)
5 塾﹤譏繒侳珗閟扼嫘巡駖邦那 慞橶供漱湆敷挬×嗶骳馱嘉?
瓣邦那鈱郯竻 煬?1 臾?(芾×?/span>)
6 嶁 ̄畟÷瓣蚧挩瑜蒶錘佸谹太噸嚍牷例﹤譙駖?
蒶暽恁鈱梒麂挹屯銵挹岏猁唌蓍煬?誰﹠骳嗶矷鉌梒夾?
弅轄繹侳珗銧曊晼菟竻慞苳髓竻嶀髓挹屯銵揤蓍煬?
7 嶁 ̄畟÷瓣茖牷鈱郯竻煬駖骳嫘呯塾﹤譏繒遉梒嫗妠坐?
佹畟卄坐??佸谹遉梒劂譜熆戶妠坐賸轄瞽竻
廘餕苳?(煥﹞鼓駍癒揤)
8 塾﹤譏繒芡堇證轉譙駖孚涷侳珗×嘛畟蓍ˍ嵙?慞橶蒶暽恁鈱梒?
岋婸酵冓渡嘈譙籵奡弝天迫竻鈱郯竻×漱湆卄孝嫖朝蒶?
塾﹤譏繒膋擗蚞棷卄孝嫩竻 慞橶蒶撉駍癒揤遉梒嘟贈韶餌?
敷忌飾竻煬?1 臾?(芾×?/span>)
9 嶁 ̄畟÷瓣虓涷遉梒馱赸錘岏稱籀?(Disappearing
List) 蒶暽恁鈱梒匱竊插揤募醜擋駖庈●太蒶曊晼菟竻
(C暽腴凳淶 照÷羸痋 1 勻桄?鉲暽 1 勻桄?/span>)煥﹞?/span>(敷挬×嫘僩桷)
10 蒶暽恁鈱梒嫗菔瓚允酵冓轂嘟轄肴~僩桷煥﹞? 珨譜妧匹畛弝鈱蝔佸谹靾?
11 侜悝例﹤譏繒 2 勻桄扭體? 塾﹤譏繒佬嗨◎棵芮漺邃呯遉梒劂譜熆尹牷太噸鼒涷±佴氬呯 毀庋漱醜a砳兒<餔挹鈱郯竻煬駖骳?慞倰骳嘔畟÷瓣蚧挩瑜廕睿矷鉌梒扼呯勻楰悝 蓍C暽塹?塾﹤譏繒靾駔畛疰隍駍轉侜谹×嫣湧 (酵苤疿敷煬謝芫鉰涷臏煥﹞識擏煬? 2 卄均疰誰■嫘嫗菔瓚庍輕皊?/span>)


÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹弅轄繹廕閫酵冓懋銧?2 酵冓懋 棋完淶
1.÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹煬魬芷蓍√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋僱攪握珘鈱梒? 佸谹 萃擏廘?1 夫箋譏繒H暽隞 試÷襠譙侲楔墊戈侜骳塹橧桲恁伈苤疰供插唻 ̄藪廘△骳均揤 庠閫 廘餕冓楔墊支湧迋﹥犖鉖轄倇薄挹鉬橏佹畟煬韏骳均揤 棋完桄麂盓菟竻鉣谹~芷蒶曀癟×箋駁皊轄繚涷菟竻÷?鈮允啎煬頩堎錨芷蓍銑豕媞揤 銧殧∟ ÷轔Z坎揤譜侞骳均臢餑湧遄?(Team-Games-Tournament 佸谹 TGT) ÷轔箄均臢餑廕滿臢餑勿倇捘譟詳?(Student Teams Achievement Divisions 佸谹 STAD) ÷癡挬廕滿臢餑÷蟾芧鉬蝜ˍ嵙謝駖薦譙芤畟種中?(Team Assisted Individualization 佸谹 TAI) 熐轔 ̄薄疰鏡避俁飽疰侳珗慞冓G繒 (Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition 佸谹 CIRC) 試侃‵? (Jigsaw) 試侃‵?2 (Jigsaw II) 試÷繭蠅京芮鉬蝜ˍ嵙?(Group Investigation) 鈮允啎÷蹴譏繒鏡×?(Learning Together) ÷蹴譏繒廕? 並÷蹴譏繒贊?(Circle of Learning) 鈮允啎÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹鏡ˍ嵙?(Co-op
Co-op)
2.鈮允啎÷蹴譏繒廕疑駍謠谹煬魬芷蓍C暽腴嫘揣桄僱芧佴紬坎竻√芋藤? ÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧蓍廘餕苳珘 尤?膋殫飾桄凳豻a疺湆熒鈱梒?C暽庋? 漺薹芫廗獺蓍C暽腴嫘湔 卄均疰庋?C暽滓準? 佸谹C暽智籠竻夫箋譏繒蒮夫箋譏繒佴紬?漺臏桲恁伈郱涷弝天?尤? 鉬蝜試煬魬芷鉲籤芾庍暽酵釓珜 5-10 境煬 邦勣? 1 夫箋譏繒 庠閫抌蒶剛鉬蝜贊頗犖煬颲挐境漺?夫寣? (Kagan) 鈮允啎鉖髓珗淶 銧殧∟ 鈮允啎÷臘棷鉬蝜屯? (Rally Robin) 鈮允啎÷蹴G繒鉬蝜屯?(Rally Table) 鈮允啎÷臘棷襖瘉?(Round Robin) 鈮允啎÷蹴G繒襖瘉?(Round Table) 鈮允啎÷蹴G繒壅樿薄揤襖瘉?(Simultaneous Round Table) 鈮允啎屯韏蠅京芮 (Pairs Check) 鈮允啎鏡×馱埭 (Numbered Heads Together) 鈮允啎÷蹴譏禮廑?(Line-Ups) 鈮允啎÷轔⊿銑倒珒橶穡唌屍 (Jigsaw Problem Solving) 鈮允啎ˍ虧樿?(Inside-Outside Circle) 鈮允啎廕瑭媮妏溯?(Corners) 鈮允啎÷襖殮酵畟鉬蝜屯? (Pair Discussion) 鈮允啎÷襖殮酵畟鉬蝜煬?(Team Discussion) 鈮允啎滮癟忌嫩餌僩桷 (Team Project) 鈮允啎÷瓣埭鉥涷藉 夭握湆 鏡×馱埭 (Think-Pair-Share) 鈮允啎碧腕太芾來 (Color-Coded Co-op Cards) 鈮允啎÷蟾鏑狶廕?(Formations) 鈮允啎遄購閫銑倒?(Send-A-Problem) 鈮允啎慞﹤酷涷繒銑倒?(Trade-A-Problem) 鈮允啎鉧郯芧鈱梒?(Partners) 鈮允啎廕箋髓嫩纓繒廕? (Match mine) 鈮允啎鄐譙祂骳瞻薑埭 (Team Word-Webbing) 鈮允啎÷繩豻餌飽臢餑 照鉬蝜屯?慞郱茪嫩椎藉 (Team-Pair-Solo) 鈮允啎庍謊疶喬鉬蝜煬?(Team Interview)

÷蟾悝遄翔警唌藤薄疰鏡避俁鼓桄嫩譏繒
÷蟾悝遄菽餌嘎堋捸疰遄蝥蠅疑a芩棸 煬魰閩氯矷疺蒶曌湇蠅疑a芩棸庍謎捗×漱醜餌麂譎扭瓚彸閫煬韏樿均疰佬蠅疑湧給閟? 照蒶橧涴矷疺煬閮陏蠅蕾樿還饜湧腕廷檠黎醜餌麂譎找湧轄﹥瓚弅轄繹煬閮陏蠅謄畟瓚閟梒揣竻a芩棸蓍廜痋銧? ÷蟾悝遄翔警唌藤?÷藤駍謠谹蓍股暽鈱梒飾竻塾﹤譏繒漺邃芷試÷蟾悝遄? 佬芾蒶毈湧證藍冓邯織卄屁警唌藤褶涷慲揮勣均疰鏡避祂竻塾﹤譏繒蓍股暽鈱梒嫣湧股毯邦H暽
÷蟾悝遄菽餌嘎堋捸疰擋暽曼僩涷佬銧憸樿還鰻珛畛匹畛菟竻÷? 庠閫÷繩涷佬銧憸樿還韁涷鄋郯芘谹銧暽桄?樑樨悝遄紫樿岐桲恁伈迡悝塹?
1. 匹畛萃擏膍卄尬湇庍抉△ (Attention) 蓍÷蟾悝遄翔警唌藤蕾竻彸閫蒮 樑樨悝遄紫樿岐淀駁皊轄繚涷佬庍抉△疿痋奿彸閫蒮 菟竻庈●膍苂骳扭寡寡蓍÷蟾悝遄菲菔彸閫塾暽 侃萸其錘銚遉鄘? 慞虼迮樿廷悝遄萎遠桲倰鎔狶苂骳孜晼菟竻 嗶”牷塹曌湇庍抉△覲孝樿坎供暑悜刳抌萃譙秅豁豻邯禮抌萃竻給閟彤矷蓍譜覆煬頝荂疰庍抉△ 鉧郯籵凈湧a芩棸煬魰餌麂譎弄譙俁ˍ歖孔禮×漱醜餌麂譎?
2. 酵倇珝庍謎捗 (Sensation) 煉妥橏劂譜弅滔捘槽妗樿扭寡膍珨譜弅滔捘槽呏竻樑樨悝遄筐迮樿孚荍珗說菠佸谹岍瓴鏡狶÷繕樿宏△埭橶? 鉧證迠橏刳﹊骳岍瓴鏡狶÷罈△婛體?佬轅敷菔芼譜弅滔捘槽庋蹙魬嘟檠噹? 慞陎駖找駖÷蟾捘槽巠婰孚涷±竊廷悝遄?
3. ÷藤挹贊?(Perception) 蓍÷蟾悝遄脾婰孚涷±竊庇痋奿 樑樨悝遄筐迮樿岐捸疰識疑湇煬韐? 鉡郯芤挹贊橧砡體畛疰嗤酷匹畛佹畟迋℅砪湧苂骳岔鈱褘慞迠晼菟竻

侜恁÷蟾悝遄?
樑樨悝遄絲涷椎 尤? 樑曋涷照÷蟾悝遄菲體湧a芩棸煬韏癟×漱蟋樿均疰轄◎涷忐? 庠閫樑樨悝遄筐冓餌匱湇庍抉△煬韐湴湧塾暽菟竻轅侜恁蓍÷蟾悝遄?棋完淶
1. ±佴插疰庍抉△蒶擉荂挬鄔懊冓餌嫩譙駖扳 隞 靾魬芾鉖蝜彸閫蒮轄 ̄郱筵體挹鞁橚蟈
2. 庍抉△苂骳岐掑謠嵙弄轄?轂膋駍骳庍抉△隞鈱郯苂?尤? 菟竻轅佩期嵙弄轄繚涷佬棻 鉡郯芴箋呦嫗體酷匹畛佹畟迋℅痀骳尤迋凈?
3. 庍抉△湧匹畛戰墊防婄勻眓咘邦弅轄繹趨抉呦嘔畟瓚閟梒揣竻鈱郯竻塾暽銧樿鎔狶纖‵紩? 轂膋駍骳趨抉呦嫗菔樊?佸谹竊﹎創卄尾畟嗶﹤瑁珗桄?
4. 鉡郯虮悝遄菲體樿岐捸疰碧僩痋鞁歖擋駖鉞谹馱薇? 佬銧毈錘侜巫袬證藍冓邯織煬鳼湧庍抉△轄
5. 樑樨悝遄竣膋殧犖腕庋疑畟÷?(Checklist) 佸谹 鄐譙駖岐谹棹郯寞 酵苤芮蓍÷蟾悝遄給淶湧

酵冓懋卄均疰庍抉△
÷藤蠅蕾樿還靨朝÷蟾悝遄?廕閫銧歖餌?2 酵冓懋 尤?
1. ÷蟾悝遄菲犖轅抌鏡 (Participant Observation) 佹畟勣? ÷蟾悝遄絲涷樑橶唻捔遉橏隞轅抌鏡苂湆蓍ˍ嵙褶涷給﹎? 慞釓捸疰照√芋藤謄駍薄揤 漺翹湇供轉餌嘟轄肴□湇佴紬坎竻ˍ嵙賸譙虮募飽疰喬煬駏痋奿 鄋頩 遉橏隞膋撉梀埽苂湆蓍臾薊凳桄?鉡郯芚樿均疰﹎珔盓肪窖竻允蓍臾薊凳桄? a芫掑谹 佬銧憸樿還韁涷廗擉譎?佩斐樿瞻谹 迗兒√捶牷樑樨悝遄? 庠閫佬照蒶憸樿還韁涷銧憸珒匹畛鈮涷禮腕?
2. ÷蟾悝遄菲犖靾餑梛駍嘔駍?(Non-participant Observation) 佹畟勣?÷蟾悝遄絲涷 樑橶唻捔 ̄郱茧嫩餌劃堣勿檠繒矷 靾魰a砪鄘梛駍嘔駍錨飽唻 ̄藪煬銵臢餑±竊孚荂揤苂湆 ÷邊錘遉橏隞轅抌鏡蓍匹畛佹畟塹?佹畟勣? 靾魰a砪酵駍錨飽唻 ̄藪卄均臢餑塾暽鈮骳塾暽 靾鳼湧佹畟勣均疰靾魰a砪銓蹙魬劃譎鉲傘募僩涷湧 蹊~芷蓍 ̄博煬鳼錘菟竻÷辭呯樑曊晼庍抉△贊樨痋 繳﹊麂牷萃湇庍抉△ 樑樨悝遄菽餌嫩擅禮樑樨悝遄窗疰喬鈮骳塾暽

譜犖÷繳揤煦﹜樿還?
譜犖÷繳揤煦﹜樿還韁涷銧擉牷÷蟾悝遄給淶 銧橧捸疰廕閫鞁橚籤藏郕?棋完淶
1. 譜犖鄐譙駖弄轄?(Sign System) 鉬蝜譜犖煬頠譜﹠煽橶藏畟÷臘警唌藤蟋骳扳 漺翹湇庍抉△佬碧僩痋a芩棸漺繚豻勻郯竻佹畟襲蓍廕監悝遄? 鉧郯俉妠序骳轅奮菠 ̄藪塾暽?遄埭H暽 ÷繳揤煦﹜樿還鷗郕犒淶 轅竊﹎創妏膍畛桴警唌藤錨毯√揣紩? 廘鳼錘妏膍瓴警唌藤褸桄嫩√揣紩劃駖轉擅禮蒮
2. 譜犖來廜◆譜鈶?(Category System) 譜犖塹擉虼貤飽奮菠 ̄藪煬韏樿均疰庍抉△迋﹤餌劂譜鈶? 廘餕郅譜鈶楊凅芷襠捗佸谹萃恁卍廗嗾警唌藤褶涷庍抉△鉖蝜鉧郯秅購迡蓍÷繳揤煦? ÷繳揤煦﹜樿還襯苳蚢盓勣坐褻涷卄屁警唌藤鍍菔瓚酵冓懋煬魰√揣紩僑橶?
弝佸挹 邯鉲芤鼒庍嫗瓚怤齬梒?(Evertson and Holley, 1982 : 329) 銧歖妏芤郕滿疰碧僩痋÷蟾悝遄萎菔狶迋∩?漺薹贈颱湧 尤?譜犖轄腕狳挬迕僑挹 (Rating System) 鉬蝜譜犖煬鳼湧轅÷藤郕媥警唌藤褶涷菟竻÷蠍痋奿鞁殧體? 廘頛湇庍抉△佬庍抉△奮菠 ̄藪腋芫夫箋譏繒∟芧慞橶併宋揤煦﹜樿還顯嘛畟侜悝 蓍÷辭芷譜犖÷繳揤煦★淶 樑樨悝遄紫樿彤疿捔匹畛贊樨痋蠅鍥 酵冓轂嗾警唌藤醜忠眓苂骳孚涷庍抉△轄腋芫夫箋譏繒 慞橶併宋揤煦﹜樿還靨朝供棹揤棋瘉骳奮菠 ̄藪煬餖郕崺塾暽匹癡挬苂湆蓍譜棋瑭牷寥苂鉧梒扼?
 

÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕? 4 MAT
÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕?4 MAT 轅擋暽曼馱薑埭轄例﹤譙駖廷鉾鱗÷蹴譏繒贊憸竻樑歖譏繒 (Learning Style) 慞苤疰照忌飾竻岏竻 弝佸挹廜埭遄涷藉×監鉾鱗 ÷蹴譏繒贊憸竻樑歖譏繒塾暽鉌嗶漺轍薑 夫試 (Mc Carthy) 銧橨挹邴溢埲鰻狳牷廜埭卄?鉥?友鱗?David Kolb 庠閫芵埏畟疺鉾鱗÷蹴譏繒贊歖√捶牷轂菠 2 轂菠 尤?
1. ÷蹴譏繒贊?(Perception)
2. ÷癡挬÷璽樿還?(Processing)
1. ÷藤挹贊?(Perception) 庠閫轅 2 竊﹎創 尤?
1.1 ÷藤挹贊曌骳劂譜妧÷籀嚆棡蜆藪 (Concrete Experience)
1.2 ÷藤挹贊曌骳飽疰岋橏岐漡煤鼒涷鉬蝜境襄藤? (Abstract Conceptualization)
2. ÷癡挬÷璽樿還?(Processing) 庠閫轅 2 竊﹎創 尤?
2.1 ÷蟾悝遄菲體蚆狺埭鉾鏡腕竻 (Reflective Observation)
2.2 ÷藷岐谹趙埏捄埭橶繕嫩竻 (Active Experiment)
竊﹎創÷蹴譏繒卄尬湇鈱梒嫗菔瓚廕?轅竊﹎創煬韏骳均揤棋完淶

樑歖譏繒廕熒涷 1 (Type 1) 鈱梒嘔湇例◆譜妧÷籀黖癟煬魰餌嘔棡蜆藪潸珗÷蟾悝遄菲體埭苂骳找腕韏襖夾挬鉬蝜樑歖譏繒煬魰譏癒? 樑歖譏繒飪挬侃僱境÷?(Imaginative Learner) 遉狳郋觴觴薑暽刳匹畛佹畟蓍彸閫煬魰譏繒贊?蹊〞芮募豳骳照靾 (Why)

樑歖譏繒廕熒涷 2 (Type 2) 鈱梒嘔湇例◆譜妧÷籀鼒涷鉬蝜境襄藤謎骳飽疰夭棹鎔狶鉾鏡腕竻邦遄埭鉬蝜鎂僩捑寢供毯餌匱湇鈱梒僩涷鈱梒﹊骳 樑歖譏繒飪挬÷蠅婄勻眓咘 (Analytic Learner) 蹊〞芮募豳骳迖鞀 (What)

樑歖譏繒廕熒涷 3 (Type 3) 鈱梒嘔湇例﹛疰識疑湇鎂僩捑寢 慞橶墓鎂僩捑寢轄潸珗÷藷岐谹趙埏捄埭橶繕嫩竻 供毯餌匱湇鈱梒僩涷鈱梒﹊骳 樑歖譏繒飪挬÷辭芷弅蹊倚蚢痋 (Common Sense Learner) 蹊〞芮募豳骳苂骳找?(How)

樑歖譏繒廕熒涷 4 (Type 4) 鈱梒嘔湇例﹛疰襲避芼耽碧菠邦遄埭酵倇滿疰喬庠閫給閟岑芩識箔湧 供毯餌匱湇鈱梒僩涷鈱梒﹊骳 樑歖譏繒蟬謄挹÷蹴酷涷繒廙襲 (Dynamic Learner) 蹊〞芮募豳骳 園?/span>?span lang="TH">慞橶 (Ifhen?

÷襖矷廕滿唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊?
÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕?4 MAT 供毯餌凳窗藤薄疰迋﹥犖√芋藤薄疰 鈱梒嘔湇 煬駔芫勿樿均挹廜埭蓍鈱郯竻匹畛廘△骳岔倓狶種中?÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷鉆暽 樑歖譏繒鉬蝜嗽魽籤?蠅褶桄均疰憾硃疿恁臍瓴卄尬湇鈱梒嫘呯鉬蝜允椎 允遄閫 慞釓掑購堞
徶?夫試 銧暽蚍禳疰庍抉勻眓咘忌嘎唻捔煬魰<餔挹贊頗犖÷蹴譏繒贊憸竻樑歖譏繒 慞邾禳疰﹎珒橏飽疰憾硃疺趨?2 幽? 轄憾硃砫餌嫗嘎÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇蒶? 鉖轄倇薄挹樑歖譏繒煥ˍ恁伈邾岏暱珗×? ̄郕÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒贊毈湧廕閫鉬蝜 4 C暽腴?慞凊菔瓚C暽腴嫗箄抉餌飾桄僱芧鎔苂 ?2 C暽腴? 併孚赶呯弅轄繹供插唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊毈湧苂骳弄籤﹌籤轍瓚豐森贅頩 腴監嗶均疰憾硃疿恁臍瓴煥●橏飾竻樑歖譏繒煬餑桼棡廕瞄譙芶恁伈苤疰鈱梒嘔湇廘△骳均揤 棋完淶

C暽腴僩涷 1 ÷羅豻妏芼譜妧÷籀鼒涷轅匹畛庍謙揤賄×獐湇鈱梒? C暽腴凳淶鉬蝜÷獺譜華暽蒶曌湇鈱梒嫩√握購嫘兒譙駖孚涷鈱梒? 日嗾箋佽媦籠竻給閟序骳照靾菟竻鈱梒嫩譙駖完桄?廕閫鉬蝜 2 C暽腴嗽駖?尤?
1.1 ÷蹴岋埡岋橏宏譜妧÷籀? C暽塹曌湇鈱梒麂凈湧轅趙埰捘憾兢壔譙俁芷侃僱境÷璽竻給蓍 彸閫煬銵蚥悝鈱梒? (鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽﹜)
1.2 ÷蠅婄勻眓咘酵倇滿疰喬煬鳼湧識? 鉬蝜C暽煬駎砫佽媦鑠<餔挹酵倇滿疰喬煬鳼湧識箝?C暽 1.1 湧÷瓣埭 鄐證倓?(鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽‵橏?/span>)

C暽腴僩涷 2 ÷蹴妏侲塽樿刳 弅譜 a芩棸寣頛湇鈱梒?C暽塹歖餌飽疰鄋郯芩熆均疰鈱梒嘔湇例?C暽 1.2 轄忭銵疰岋橏岐漡煤憵擋駖腴漱荈畛蒶毈湧疺婰孚涷鈱梒凳桄馱谹迖鞀 廕閫鉬蝜 2 C暽腴嗽駖?尤?
2.1 ÷繳棆勞÷羶譜妧÷籀憵擋駖岋橏岐漡煤?(Concept) C暽塹橧嵙抉寥嫘呯樑歖譏繒弅轄繹 鄋郯芩熆岔倓狶酵倇滿疰喬卄孝飽挹彸閫煬魰譏繒 鉧郯俁呯遄埭匹畛 遉橏膍 (鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽﹜)
2.2 ÷臘挐境鉬蝜鎂僩捑寢 鉬蝜C暽腴飾竻÷繩赶呯樑歖譏繒遉橏膍蓍彸閫煬魰譏繒 邦岋橏抉餌嘗漡煤懥湧 (鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽‵橏?/span>)

C暽腴僩涷 3 ÷羸痋趙埏捄婄擋駖憾硃畛漡煤?鉬蝜÷臘挐境鎂僩捑寢轄忭銵疰趙埏捄唻譎? 鉬蝜÷襠狺茧芮狳郱赸湧苂骳找?廕閫鉬蝜 2 C暽腴嗽駖? 尤?
3.1 ÷羶耽碧菠忌僱畛C暽腴? C暽塹曌湇鈱梒麂凈湧趙埏捄埽畛C暽腴僩涷±佴港 (鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽‵橏?/span>)
3.2 ÷羅豻妏芞禳疰趙埏捄唭珗 C暽塹歖餌飽疰稱籀牷疰慞倇鏑狶岋瓣鮈竻樑歖譏繒 煬閮凊妠孜盓匹畛贊擗醜a砳具嘟婰孚涷鈱梒嫘嘔棡廕熊骳扳 菸薑褻塾森譙秅? 妏膍卄孝?(鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽﹜)

C暽腴僩涷 4 ÷羅茪薑埭蠅甄芫隞忭銵疰酵陔堙蛙膋?鉬蝜 ̄郕÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷 遄埭例﹛疰襲避芛荋橶繕嫩竻 鉧郯耵淶蒶歖呦嘎骳 園狳邿赸颯芷蓍肪筐譎扭體餌嗶鎔狶鞀 廕閫鉬蝜 2 C暽腴嗽駖?尤?
4.1 ÷羅茪謄湇隞酵陔堙蛙膋橚譙矷疰憾硃狶珗 蓍C暽塹曌湇鈱梒麂凈湧轅獌÷忺纔矷慞陓岐谹 ̄郱荍珗卄孝嫩竻煥﹜桄僱芧 邦弝鈱蝔鉬蝜敷忌?(鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽‵橏?/span>)
4.2 ÷羅豻妏芞襲珗佸谹÷蹴撢彄鏡 鉬蝜C暽腴僩涷鉬埭獌÷忻呯樑歖譏繒銧? 慞﹤酷涷繒匹畛贊殧瓚酵倇滿疰喬卄孝嫘嘔棡廕熊骳??(鉆暽÷臘挐境岏竻幽﹜)

太芵埏畟遄涷藉×漱購畛疰嗚飽疰照忌飾竻岏竻
1. 匹畛弅轄繹卄廷趨妨捸〥?尤?÷瓣埭庍抉勻眓咘 ÷瓣埭岋橏廷藤木 ÷辭芷弅蹊倚蚢痋 ÷瓣埭廕瞄籤﹌籤?÷瓣埭廕睿坐嚆 ÷瓣埭侃僱境÷?狣?
2. 匹畛弅轄繹卄廷趨妨捸恍畟 尤?÷瓣埭鄐證倓?÷瓣埭刳鉖華敷 ÷瓣埭廕獄羅捔 ÷瓣埭廕瑭梫埱煉?狣?
 

÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕?/font>Story line
試庋嫗犖妗芤湴饕? 鉬蝜試煬魬芷蓍÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋?煬魰寥匱湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶 佬轅÷羹晼鈱郯竻廘餕迮芧蒶歖√揣紩嗶鎔狶菔侲塽駖?慞冓譏禮籣棋箋佽堙疰喬 佸谹煬魰譏癒?±佴毯抎僩狶鉥埳鈱郯竻 漺邃芷太募賸竊﹤餌僱捚墓 忭銵疰蒶曌湇鈱梒僩荂唻 ̄藪苂骳弄籤﹌籤?鉧郯虮鏑狶匹畛贊暾橶繕嫩竻 鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒菸購檠儘譎?煬餑捸疰稱籀牷疰譜侞骳序啋? 鉧郯侲駁皊轄職挐境¯檠麩竻樑歖譏繒煤擏萃?

竊﹎創鉥頩卄序堋梛芧
1.±佴毯抎僩狶÷蹴椒嫩譙駖?(Storyline) 慞虼挬鈱梒抉餌僱芧?(Episode) 湧÷辭芷太募賸竊?(Key Questions) 鉬蝜萃蚎僑√芋藤醜擋駖÷蹴譏繒贊?
2.鉆暽÷辭芷√芋藤?(Activity Based Approach) 蒶樨芫勿樿均挹太募賸竊?慞冓塽樿刳÷羹晼鈱郯竻 庠閫轅棋完淶
1) 謫智湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶 蒶橧梛駍嘔駍錨飽唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒轄◎涷忐?
2) 謫插臢餑鉬蝜慬髓坐謄湇 鉧郯俉禳鉬纓餔劂譜妧÷籀魽揤
3) 蒶曌湇鈱梒嘟鏑狶匹畛贊暾橶繕嫩竻 漺轉寥飽譜瘉飽疰匹漱湆×漱謄湇
4) 鉆暽÷羅茪謄湇隞膋殫鼓梀埽酵虼蚡揤
3.鉆暽蒶曌湇鈱梒嘟鏑狶 (Construct) 匹畛贊暾橶繕嫩竻 漺臏梛駍嘔駍錨飽疰照√芋藤趨鎔狶 ̄虳挹 ̄冓岱 遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊樿鎔狶轅匹畛佹畟 弅轄繹憾硃瓞湇鈱梒?煤擏湧珗妗堇悜倡 (Head) 湧珗迗藪喬 鄖竣菠 (Heart) 慞迡橏僩恁奾趙埏捄?(Hands) 鉬蝜試庋僩涷蒶樿蚢狳寣? 樑歖譏繒 (Learner Empowerment) 尤? 蒶殪矷疺岋橏坐謄湇佸谹酵挹廘閫滮癟岋橏坐謄湇湧 給閟彤鎔狶鉬蝜邴岋? 慞凊妠孜盓 ̄郕÷辭飽疰銧橧珓紬坐謄湇塾暽?識獐埭肺熊駖 匹畛贊曋涷岋橏坎紩? 庠閫佬墓隞忭銵疰鈱梒嘔湇腋芫肪?(Long Life Learning)
4.鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒菸購檠儘譎?(Authentic Learning) 轅÷繳棆勞÷藤倓狶肫 (Integration)
5.轅鉖華÷籀?(Incidents) 遄埭H暽鉧郯俁呯樑歖譏繒銧殧⊿銚銑倒砡瓚鈱梒嘔湇
6.廘餕冓譙駖?佸谹廘餕冓佽堙疰喬煬銵蚎僑 菟竻轅÷藤郕婽婰孝駖隞塹?佸谹轅竻木酵苤芮菔俔遜淶
1) ±佴援牷 漺藏郕婽募僩涷慞冓砩朝鄔懊?
2) 萃苳?迗兒餌馱嘈譙侲餌嘟捄
3) 勢÷繫豻墊鼓梀埽鉧郯俁芷﹎?
4) 銑倒珝涷襖÷轔⊿銚

熒碳楷竻勻殕瓚樑歖譏繒鉡郯俁芷試庋嫗犖妗芤湴饕?
熒碳楷竻勻?
1.鉬蝜樑歖腕梒薄疰 蓍鈱郯竻菔狶?銧殧∟
1) ̄芮廜埭卄抉譙駖孚涷佬庋嫖朝遉梒嫩抎僩狶÷蹴椒嫩譙駖? (Storyline) 慞苤蚎僑鈱郯竻鉬蝜腴寞 (Episode) 漺轍菔瓚刲樿鈱郯竻蓍廘餕迮芧銧擉牷÷繳棆勞÷?
2)鉞譏臏太募購茪悜佸谹太募賸竊?鉧郯俁芷 ̄迮嵂嫘呯樑歖譏繒夭? 鄐證倓憼瓚襲避芼耽碧菠
2.鉬蝜樑樿蚢匹畛庈棗 ̄倓狶÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧 鄋頩
1)鉬蝜樑暽豻妏?(Presenter) 鄋頩 墓鉌嗶酵冓渡?銑倒?鉖華÷籀懠嫩譙駖岔痀煬閮倇芧
2)鉬蝜樑樨悝遄?(Observer) 庍抉△4邾湇鈱梒僱芮太募?募薑荈畛 趙埏捄唌唻 ̄藪 蠅褶桄廷悝遄翔警唌藤趨郯寞 卄尬湇鈱梒?
3) 鉬蝜樑殫呯 ̄迮嵂?(Motivator)  ̄迮嵂馱購嫘?樑歖譏繒 鉧郯俁呯轅抌鏡蓍÷蹴譏繒苂骳扭琿並唭
4) 鉬蝜樑殫呯÷蹴岋埡愨?(Reinforcer) 鉧郯俁呯鉧婰薑褻涷卄屁警唌藤薄疰鈱梒?
5) 鉬蝜樑殧塵墓 (Director)
6) 鉬蝜樑擉挬疑藕牷疿 (Atmosphere Organizor) 蒶暻藤觴÷疰鈱梒飽疰庋僑梫桄妥橏飽畟檠擔瓚湧珗侃脾悝切 鉧郯俁呯樑歖譏繒鈱梒嗶鎔狶轅匹畛忐?
7)鉬蝜樑殫呯a芩棸鎊芧ˍ挹 (Reflector) 蒶憿疰懊¯嚂唻疰喬a芫?a芮▽鏡竻 鉧郯俁呯奮菠 ̄藪之苂湆 佸谹酵挹酵塈 寣毈? 奮菠 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒
8)鉬蝜樑暺譜鉡埳 (Evaluator) 匹藪捸疰酵冓轂匱鑠餌嘔陔剡 酵冓轂飽譜瘉飽疰 (Process) 奮菠 ̄藪譜侞骳弄狺謄湇 (Performance) 慞郅譜鉡埳敷忌? (Product) 庠閫迗兒餌嗶坐鴗謄湇 慞?/span>/佸谹 敷忌?

3.鉆暽蒶曌湇鈱梒嫘芷 ̄郕÷?(Process Oriented) 轄﹛砫塽樿鈱郯竻 鉆郪豖疺疰?(Content Oriented)
4.鉆暽÷繳棆勞÷藤倓狶肫 (Integration) 佸谹暱謎弅嘔倓狶肫蓍侜恁忭腕 (Interdisciplinary)
5.鉬蝜慬髓坎樿還攣譙俉侜閫匹畛贊殧侜閫佴紬孚涷蒶曌湇鈱梒鼠恁募? 酵痋奿鉧郯秅暽匹橏刳匹畛贊?
6.鉬蝜樑橨婄譎餑酵冓渡?銑倒?鉖華÷籀懠嫩譙駖岔痀煬閮倇芧 慞迮樿夾挬√芋藤醜擋駖那襲湧匹畛菁頩鉞暽 匹畛憩膍 煤擏勻?樑歖譏繒 慞邾湇遄涷藉a竻邰頩?鄋頩 樑暻譎刳?樑暺﹞襖?慞苳嫘鼓媮壽?鉬蝜菟?

熒碳楷竻樑歖譏繒

1.鉬蝜樑橛痋奿日馱珨耽碧菠湧給閟扼僩堙鈱郯竻菸褶涷勻晼蚎僑 鉧郯俁呯遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊?
2.植鉆埳÷蹴譏繒湧給閟?鉧郯俁呯÷蹴譏繒妏堙妏珗 菁頩鉞暽 轅肪答梀?慞郱橏煉蟬蹙韏攪毯?
3.轅抌鏡蓍÷蹴譏繒煤擏鏡狶÷?侃萸兕瓚÷瓣埭 蓍煥﹋募飽疰喬煬銴贊±佴揣紩?苂骳抉餌兢藤薊珛婄佹谹嘟募飽疰喬蓍肪筐譎?
4.鈱梒僩桄扼嘈樿抉譏繒 (Class) 慞凅嘟募飽疰喬並唭 (Reality) 鉧郯芴挐境煤﹎郱狶庍坐?
5.腴漱荈畛弝天?佸谹太募賸竊?(Key Questions) 煬銴贊±佴捶牷酵倇滿疰喬卄孝嫩竻 佸谹酵倇滿疰喬蓍肪筐譎?
6.轅匹畛 ̄虳挹 ̄冓岱 竻鞁 蓍÷藪梛駍嘔駍趨鎔狶廗擉譎?鄋頩 弅轄繹來 戰例籀?照菸薑貤塵墓卄坐贊銧樿鎔狶椎
7.照忌僑橶瞻謄駍謠谹鏡膍 迗豕郱荍珗鉥涷藉 鉬蝜屯? 鉬蝜ˍ嵙?銧暾橶瞻醜萇錨兕瓚湧鄖竣菠煬韐桮駖×?
8.轅匹畛弅轄繹蓍÷蟾郯虮疰 鄋頩 謀?撼?侳珗 遉梒? 轅煤﹎倇悝切 蠅褶桄岐桷壽匟庍謙揤賄煬韐桼倓狶鉧郯芧蓍ˍ嵙? 鉧郯芧蓍ˍ嵙趨郯寞 慞苤挹勻?
9.鉬蝜樑橧掑購畛疰嗤⊿銑倒? 夭棺婄譎餑彸閫蒶錘煬魰餌劂譜熆疚?
10.鉬蝜樑樨畛疰催鏑狶匹畛贊?(Construct) 湧給閟?慞冓餌飽疰鈱梒嘔湇苂骳岐掑賸轄? 煬駔畛疰飪赸颯芷蓍肪絰譜來嫣湧

酵凄穠寢卄均疰鈱梒嘔湇湧試庋嫗犖妗芤湴饕?
1.鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒贊樿鎔狶轅匹畛佹畟 樑歖譏繒來銧曊痀? (Retention) 庠閫÷蹴譏繒廕犒淶菟竻鈱婰蟋暽湧÷繩熒匹畛贊歖椒? 慞郅譜妧÷籀憵椒蕾竻樑歖譏繒
2.樑歖譏繒銧橧梛駍嘔駍錨飽疰鈱梒?(Participate) 煤擏煉岔骳均畟 侃萸?妗堇悜倡 庍坐?鉬蝜÷臘挐境煤擏萃?
3.樑歖譏繒轅抌鏡蓍÷繩荂唻 ̄藪菸覬譜妧÷籀鴘梀埽卄孝? 慞冓餌劂譜妧÷籀鴩譎扼鼓梀埽卄尬湇鈱梒?
4.樑歖譏繒銧朣痋煤﹎迮骳扳 恍貤體橔邯﹦朝靾餑捸疰鉭郯豖寡畟
5.樑歖譏繒佬銧樨鏑狶侃僱境÷繭畛鈱郯竻煬銵蚎僑 鉬蝜÷蹴譏繒贊暾橏兢藤薊珛?鉎蟹陛唻 硃蜆藪 ÷蹴避竻 勢肪?暱謎弅飽揤隞 迕嫩餌嘟檠儘譎坎竻肪?
6.樑歖譏繒佬銧樴挐境匹畛夭棺迡挹忭?夭港腕韏襖? 夭棹鎔狶轅例籀倡?夭?寣暺悜刳 夭棺婄譎餑 夭棵鏑狶岋瓣?
7.樑歖譏繒銧朣痋煤﹎苤疰照忌嫩餌飽臢餑 萃擏廘?2 4 6 允 蠅褶桄抉擋駖僩桄弄樿抉譏繒 H暽苂湆×瘍恁伈苤唻 ̄藪 鉬蝜÷臘挐境蒶歖餌匱湇轅褸婻薹捘憾兢?
8.樑歖譏繒銧歖譏繒贊擉牷彸閫耤體萃湆彸閫銦霾捚 鄋頩 鈱梒僱捚卄抉證 粹珗卄抉證 勻芮勻捚卄抉證 臾薊飾竻鈱?酵冓溜卄抉證 慞郅譜鈮擋駖劃橏?鉬蝜隞菸謄迡挹妗堇悜倡卄尬湇鈱梒?
9.樑歖譏繒銧歖譏繒贊樿鎔狶鉬蝜忐?妏堙妏珗 鉖蝜尺酗骳卄壯珗煬頝?慞虴珗煬頩赸遜豻妏芚駖鉧郯芧菔耵媮壽? 照蒶歖√握蟋譜佴恁 鉖蝜匹畛弝天迫竻÷蹴譏繒贊暾橶繕嫩竻
 

÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕?/font>CIPPA

鉡郯芩捸疰鉬纓餔嫗酷弄竊﹋棫羶譜黍﹎?撻溢 ̄猁 2503 鉬蝜侜恁忭腕撻溢- ̄猁 2521 廜埭鈱郯竻÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧漺轉寥匱湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶 塾箋餌嫗嘎夭森竊﹜竻÷蹴酷涷繒廙襲 侜恁忭腕征挹棋均髓痀銧樨閫鉌譎錨呯勻殙酷涷繒廜疰供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋麂牷÷繳藤觴? 睿﹤髓?轄鉬蝜÷癡挬√芋藤蟋骳扳 蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍?
酵釓珜閣 ?/span>.?/span>. 2538 鉡郯侲譎餑轅÷羶耽贊遠狶÷蹴避竻遄埭H暽 ÷蠍痋奿∠銧橧捸疰鄐纔駖嫣侞蒶橧捸疰趙埼棡÷蠍痋奿邯﹞識擏佴紬? 庠閫抌尬韁赶呯遄埭壅陏猁碧限捄唌疰﹎牶紩?÷羶耽贊誘識擏塹? 轅酵冓渡嘟茪悜遄涷藉×滿疰趙埼棡÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧煬隤挬鄖? 慞苤譜瘉飽疰供插疰鈱梒嘔湇廕瑭梛駍嘔駍? 佸谹÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕獐湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶 ∠覲抉餌劂譜鉥蝜弝天風涷菟竻抌抉岋埡×嗶鎔狶遉橧屣蝘菔俔?
塾瘉骳鉬蝜鈱郯竻煬頩骳酵倓籤氬邢涷徶橶骳鉲籤佬潸珗隞慞橶遄谹? 20 閣 塾熊桄扭菔÷蹴酷涷繒廙襲侜恁忭腕 廘魨嘎夭毯椒錨嫩譙駖均疰庋嫗犖樑歖譏繒鉬蝜嗽魽籤均褅悝之苂湆 慲揮蒶歖呦嘎骳廜埭棋均髓痀覲找錘遄埭敷蓍煉宏耽碧菠蓍譜棋熒涷鉬蝜煬頩骳憩膍 併抉餌嫩譙駖孚涷匹蠅婄勻眓咘刳弅鉖華 鉧郯侲餌嫗嘎煉扼飽疰寣暺悜刳菔俔?
弅鉖華煬銴贊覲找錘鉬纓餔嫗酷孚狶奮菠 ̄藪÷蟾芧例◎涷勻殙餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶轄鉬蝜樑歖譏繒鉬蝜嗽魽籤完桄? 之轅轄℅畟侜畟酵苤疰 廘駔砫佽媌墅閫∠尤?勻晬珒匹畛贊?匹畛遉橏膍 慞苠珒廜狶煬隤挬鄖嫘飽疰植鉆埳÷?煜?屣謠博 (2541 : 28-31) 併找湧鉌嗶 廜埭慞凊嘎煉孚涷迗赤駍瞻贊蓍÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧H暽鈱梒﹊骳 CIPPA Model

÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕箋寥匱湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶塾暽∠尤? ÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋僩涷鉬埭獌÷忻呯樑歖譏繒轅抌鏡蓍√芋藤褸桄? 煤擏煉岔骳均畟 妗堇悜倡 庍坐鍍瓚迗藪喬
÷癡挬√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋嫩擋駖蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍褸桄? 轂膋駎轄瞻鍍菔鉧梒序骳蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧照√芋藤趨凈醱 ∠銧曋涷樑歖譏繒肺? √芋藤褶涷勻晲挬蒶曌湇鈱梒麂迮樿抉餌飽唻 ̄藪煬頩赸銘湆÷蹴譏繒贊曀畛佩暑譜囮木煬韏桄找 慞冓餌飽唻 ̄藪煬隤駍邃呯樑歖譏繒轅抌鏡煤擏煉妥橏嘔骳均畟 妗堇悜倡 庍坐? 慞倰疰螺?併夾倇畛疰須赶呯樑歖譏繒遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊毈湧椎 棋完桄馱贊煬閮倇芧樑歖譏繒漺舊硒樑歖譏繒鉬蝜嗽魽籤? 併夾豻餌僩涷佬菟竻迋﹥犖√芋藤薄疰鈱梒飽疰庋嫘呯轅竊﹎創棋完淶
1.鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧轅抌鏡煉妥橏飽畟 (Physical Participation) 尤? 鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧轅獌÷忺勿郯芧頖骳均畟 鉧郯耵駍邃呯酵倇珝÷藤挹贊憸竻樑歖譏繒菁頩萃鏑芩煬閮陏挹a芩棸慞苤疰鈱梒嘔湇菔狶? 煬閮冓√揣紩?÷藤挹贊歖餌劂悃供薹茪悜蓍÷蹴譏繒贊? 刳□湇鈱梒嫣錘轅匹畛壅樿錨飽疰識疑湇 徶擉釓捸疰蒶擗謄湇煬韐淩 樑歖譏繒∠靾駔畛疰亂挹銧?庠閫佬鉖蝜銧擉牷鉖華÷籀鼒涷噥銧歖岏俙 尤? 刳□湇鈱梒僱樿完桎完珗?靾隤橏 樑歖譏繒迗佯竊箔?佸谹夭港韶譙駖彤郯寞 銧? ÷蹴勿郯芧頖狶÷?轅抌芾蒶暺譜弅溼挹贊曀郯僱捚 壅樿褶涷佬識筵瓚鈱梒嘔湇彸閫菔狶?銧暾?棋完桄飽唻 ̄藪煬閮挬蒶曌湇鈱梒? 併坐鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧鄐纔駖嫣侞蓍竊﹎創蒮竊﹎創佴紬抉餌嘔陔剡 菸薑醜佹眓岏×瘉捔慞陏迡挹匹畛妏膍卄尬湇鈱梒?
2.鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍褶狶妗堇悜倡 (Intellectual Participation) 尤侲餌飽唻 ̄藪煬隤駍邃呯樑歖譏繒遄埭匹畛鄐纔駖嫣侞煉廷菠銑限皊譙芴棷扯畟?? 鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷琿珝畟匹畛夭揣竻樑歖譏繒 庠閫佬芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫩√握薇捶駖蓍÷瓣埭 妏堙煬閮苳埭 棋完桄? √芋藤薇釓桲恁伈迡悝ˍ骳湧 ∠佬菟竻轅鈱郯竻蒶曌湇鈱梒馱埭 漺轉譙駖完桄麂迮樿找錘扯畟慞凈錘觴﹤√嫣銘蚎識獐湇鈱梒?鉧證迠橏扯畟遄埳隞 樑歖譏繒∠靾閮豻餌僱樿扼芷匹畛夭?廘頞橏觴﹤√嫣? 樑歖譏繒∠佬遄埭匹畛琿芘苂煬閮苳埭 棋完桄馱贊併孝樿弄珨譜鉥蝜煬魰佹眓岏×瘉捔慞苳購畛疰閒竻樑歖譏繒 鉧郯矷譜華暽蒶曌湇鈱梒嫘芷匹畛夭森譙芶岐谹照彸閫蒮彸閫佴紬?
3.鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍褶狶庍坐? (Social Participation) 尤? 鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梬耽庍謙揤賄煉廷悝切×犖堣勿佸谹彸閫慳棠樿謄芮萃? 鉆郯竻例℅壽匟憵餌嘟捄庍坐?煬駖疿捔蠅薄揤苂湆鉬蝜佹湆仇? 褸婻鎳漺繚桎豪迮樿抉譏繒贊曋涷佬酵挹萃a牷挹疑埏殿骳扳 ÷蹴閩氯矷疺蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梬耽庍謙揤賄×獐湇邰頩 佬芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫩√插疰鈱梒嘔湇煉廷悝切 庠閫佬抌尬韃盓÷蹴譏繒贊曋狶湧珗邰頩? 湧 棋完桄?√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇煬韐? 併坐鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷抌抉岋埡蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧鈱梒嘔湇例﹋婰扭體芩襖熊捚湧
4.鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍褶狶迗藪喬 (Emotional Participation) 尤? √芋藤褶涷抌尬霾駖迗藪喬匹畛贊樨痋卄尬湇鈱梒? 庠閫佬芾蒶憿疰鈱梒嘔湇塾暽遄埭匹畛佹畟菔芚嫩竻 √芋藤褶涷抌尬霾駖匹畛贊樨痋卄尬湇鈱梒凳桄? 蹊”冓餌飽唻 ̄藪煬魰<餔樿均挹肪?酵倇滿疰喬 慞苳醜餌麂譎坎竻樑歖譏繒 佬菟竻鉬蝜彸閫煬魰<餔樿均挹萃湇鈱梒嫖朝腕弄譙俁ˍ曀捚樑歖譏繒

÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧廕甄硒樑歖譏繒鉬蝜嗽魽籤?漺邃芷 CIPPA Model 弅轄繹芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧轅抌鏡蓍√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇煤擏煉妥橏嘔骳均畟 妗堇悜倡 庍坐?慞倰疰螺?棋完淶

C 轄例﹞蚡骳 Construct 庠閫佹畟勣? ÷蟾鏑狶匹畛贊曀畛廜埭卄宏識狎?Constructivism ˍ骳谹 √芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇煬韐? 匹蹴餌飽唻 ̄藪煬隤駍邃呯樑歖譏繒轅獌÷巠鏑狶匹畛贊暾橶繕嫩竻 庠閫佬照蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗掑醜a砳兕瓚遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷轅匹畛佹畟菔芚嫩竻 ÷繩涷樑歖譏繒轅獌÷怀湧岋橏坐謄湇湧給閟完淶鉬蝜√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍褶狶 妗堇悜倡

I 轄例﹞蚡骳 Interaction 庠閫佹畟勣? ÷羶耽庍謙揤賄×獐湇邰頩佸谹彸閫慳棠樿謄芮萃唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷椎 佬菟竻鉬埭獌÷忻呯樑歖譏繒銧歖勿郯芧頖狶鏡狶÷?漺癒疰照√芋藤錨嘉恁伈迮骳扳

P 轄例﹞蚡骳 Physical Participation 庠閫佹畟勣?÷藪梛駍嘔駍錨飽唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊曋狶÷?尤? 樑歖譏繒轅獌÷怀湧鄐纔駖嫣侞鏡狶÷?漺繚荂唻 ̄藪蓍竊﹎創菔狶?

P 轄例﹞蚡骳 Process Learning 佹畟勣? ÷蹴譏繒贊憿譜瘉飽疰菔狶? √芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇煬韐掑鉬埭獌÷忻呯樑歖譏繒銧歖譏繒贊憿譜瘉飽疰菔狶? 庠閫鉬蝜煤﹎郱涷來鉬蝜菔矷疰植癟肪?鄋頩  ̄郕÷轔岆弄狺謄湇  ̄郕÷瓣埭  ̄郕÷轔⊿銑倒? ̄郕÷獺臢餑  ̄郕÷臘挐境給閟?鉬蝜菟? ÷蹴譏繒贊憿譜瘉飽疰鉬蝜彸閫煬駔茪悜鄋頩鉥梒挹÷蹴譏繒贊歖塽樿刳弅譜菔狶? ÷蹴譏繒贊曋狶湧珗 ̄郕÷? 鉬蝜÷礙駍邃呯樑歖譏繒轅抌鏡煉廷菠銑限眝捸煉弄墅閫

A 轄例﹞蚡骳 Application 佹畟勣? ÷羅茪謄湇煬鳼湧鈱梒嘔湇隞酵陔堙蛙膋? 庠閫佬芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嫣湧識獄譜熆疚鴩牷÷蹴譏繒 慞衁駍邃呯樑歖譏繒遄埭÷蹴譏繒贊歖戰餑鉞埡H暽鈱郯苂?√芋藤? ÷蹴譏繒贊曋涷轅廘魰擅禮÷蟾芧鉆郪豖疺疰凅呯樑歖譏繒遉橏膍 漺瞽珒√芋藤薄疰墓匹畛贊毈遙譜贅△懠芷 佬照蒶曌湇鈱梒飾珒÷蹴臥駖鎂禮譜侞骳孚馨校×滿疰趙埏捄? 庠閫佬照蒶憿疰鈱梒嘔湇靾魰√暑譜熆疚憵瑁珝涷匹? ÷癡挬√芋藤褶涷芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘟畛疰飪茪謄湇隞酵陔堙蛙膋暽淶 鈮骳×箋餌飽疰芾蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗梛駍嘔駍錨飽唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊暾橏嫘斐橏嘈墅閫佸谹侜畟? 湧珗 慞橶廘餕恁伈苠竻弅譜慞苤唻 ̄藪煬閮挬
岋婸銧橶骳 ÷癡挬÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧菸?CIPPA Model 弅轄繹抌抉岋埡蒶曌湇鈱梒嘗? 抌鏡蓍√芋藤薄疰鈱梒嘔湇煤擏煉妥橏飽畟 妗堇悜倡 慞倇悝切 抌÷藪梛駍嘔駍褶狶湧珗迗藪喬塾暽 匹畛並唭慞橶轅遄埭H暽匹漱湆隞×熒堙湧珗 靾駍骳佬鉬蝜煉妥橏飽畟 妗堇悜倡 慞倇悝切 庠閫刳﹞贊弅轄繹供插唻 ̄藪÷蹴譏繒贊殫呯樑歖譏繒銧曀畛侜恁棋均髓痀慞橶 ÷癡挬 ÷蹴譏繒÷蟾芧卄坐贊∠佬轅竊﹎創煬頛湇鈱梒嫩餌嗷椐鎳ˍ狶苂骳扭琿並唭
試÷繩涷佬供插疰鈱梒飽疰庋嫘呯庋握體竻×?CIPPA Model 弅轄繹照銧殪朝勻棎狳鈱婰蟋暽例﹥撕÷蟾芧煬餑梠蹙魨體? 慞邿貤撕棋均髓痀轄戰例籀珛畛 CIPPA Model 刳﹛唻 ̄藪菸鍍撕÷蟾芧D棠恁伈凅港? ∠壇畟畛夭森牷唻 ̄藪煬閮衁駍轉戰餑竊﹎創棋均髓痀襲隞 刳﹥撕鉥埡轅苂湆粹狶慞橶 ∠匹臘觴觴醜戰餑蒶橧牷H暽 鉧郯矷唻 ̄藪佬銧橧梬譜彸溢埬瓴轄﹜紩? 鉡郯芛豻芾凳淶銧擉嫩譎餑肩境凍體?菔俔誘贊∠佬弅轄繹扭撕菸?CIPPA Model 銧毈錘觴★恁
 

撻溢試疑堍疰
Buddhist Style in Management

ˍ挹H暽犒

 

 

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